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Are cysteinyl leukotrienes involved in allergic responses in human skin

Are cysteinyl leukotrienes involved in allergic responses in human skin
Are cysteinyl leukotrienes involved in allergic responses in human skin
BackgroundCysteinyl leukotrienes have been suggested to be involved in producing the symptoms of both the early and late phases of the allergic response in the lung and other tissues.
ObjectiveTo use scanning laser Doppler imaging, microdialysis and immunocytochemistry to explore the mediator and cellular mechanisms of the dermal allergic response.
MethodsThirteen atopic volunteers received intradermal injections into the forearm of grass pollen or D. pteronyssinus extract. Changes in dermal blood flow up to 8 h were monitored by scanning laser Doppler imaging. The release of histamine, PGD2 and LTC4/D4/E4 was assessed by dermal microdialysis. Skin biopsies were taken at 6 h to determine numbers of mast cells, eosinophils, basophils, Langerhans' cells, and monocytes/macrophages, and the expression of COX-1, COX-2, 5-LO and FLAP.
ResultsAllergen provocation produced an immediate weal and flare response followed by an erythematous induration peaking at 6 h. During the first hour, c. 84 pmoles of histamine and c. 0.3 pmoles of PGD2 were recovered by microdialysis (both P < 0.001) but LTC4/D4/E4 was undetectable. No histamine, PGD2 or LTC4/D4/E4 was detectable at later times. Immunocytochemical examination of biopsies taken at 8 h showed increased numbers of eosinophils and basophils and in COX-2, 5-LO and FLAP, but not COX-1. Expression of 5-LO and FLAP was associated primarily with eosinophils.
ConclusionsThese findings suggest that inflammatory cells recruited to the site of allergen injection are not activated to release detectable amounts of cysteinyl leukotrienes. Hence, it is unlikely that the late-phase erythematous induration is mediated by this autocoid.
0954-7894
1013-1019
Church, M.K.
dad189d5-866e-4ae1-b005-0d87f74282b8
Griffiths, T.J.
4681b3f6-5884-448d-927f-d371737f2234
Jeffery, S.
3126c6b9-f643-4f84-9730-eede3ed85dc8
Ravell, L.C.
64f34c78-9086-49cb-9df9-7cdf7df307ab
Cowburn, A.S.
f6ed371b-8671-43b2-a7cd-4e4f4a4a0abe
Sampson, A.P.
4ca76f6f-ff35-425d-a7e7-c2bd2ea2df60
Clough, G.F.
9f19639e-a929-4976-ac35-259f9011c494
Church, M.K.
dad189d5-866e-4ae1-b005-0d87f74282b8
Griffiths, T.J.
4681b3f6-5884-448d-927f-d371737f2234
Jeffery, S.
3126c6b9-f643-4f84-9730-eede3ed85dc8
Ravell, L.C.
64f34c78-9086-49cb-9df9-7cdf7df307ab
Cowburn, A.S.
f6ed371b-8671-43b2-a7cd-4e4f4a4a0abe
Sampson, A.P.
4ca76f6f-ff35-425d-a7e7-c2bd2ea2df60
Clough, G.F.
9f19639e-a929-4976-ac35-259f9011c494

Church, M.K., Griffiths, T.J., Jeffery, S., Ravell, L.C., Cowburn, A.S., Sampson, A.P. and Clough, G.F. (2002) Are cysteinyl leukotrienes involved in allergic responses in human skin. Clinical & Experimental Allergy, 32 (7), 1013-1019. (doi:10.1046/j.1365-2222.2002.01436.x).

Record type: Article

Abstract

BackgroundCysteinyl leukotrienes have been suggested to be involved in producing the symptoms of both the early and late phases of the allergic response in the lung and other tissues.
ObjectiveTo use scanning laser Doppler imaging, microdialysis and immunocytochemistry to explore the mediator and cellular mechanisms of the dermal allergic response.
MethodsThirteen atopic volunteers received intradermal injections into the forearm of grass pollen or D. pteronyssinus extract. Changes in dermal blood flow up to 8 h were monitored by scanning laser Doppler imaging. The release of histamine, PGD2 and LTC4/D4/E4 was assessed by dermal microdialysis. Skin biopsies were taken at 6 h to determine numbers of mast cells, eosinophils, basophils, Langerhans' cells, and monocytes/macrophages, and the expression of COX-1, COX-2, 5-LO and FLAP.
ResultsAllergen provocation produced an immediate weal and flare response followed by an erythematous induration peaking at 6 h. During the first hour, c. 84 pmoles of histamine and c. 0.3 pmoles of PGD2 were recovered by microdialysis (both P < 0.001) but LTC4/D4/E4 was undetectable. No histamine, PGD2 or LTC4/D4/E4 was detectable at later times. Immunocytochemical examination of biopsies taken at 8 h showed increased numbers of eosinophils and basophils and in COX-2, 5-LO and FLAP, but not COX-1. Expression of 5-LO and FLAP was associated primarily with eosinophils.
ConclusionsThese findings suggest that inflammatory cells recruited to the site of allergen injection are not activated to release detectable amounts of cysteinyl leukotrienes. Hence, it is unlikely that the late-phase erythematous induration is mediated by this autocoid.

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Published date: 2002

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 26989
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/26989
ISSN: 0954-7894
PURE UUID: 9709c4c2-3bb2-4149-9563-5dbd02ba813f
ORCID for G.F. Clough: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-6226-8964

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Date deposited: 25 Apr 2006
Last modified: 20 Jul 2019 01:16

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