The University of Southampton
University of Southampton Institutional Repository

Using Cloud for Research: A Technical Review

Using Cloud for Research: A Technical Review
Using Cloud for Research: A Technical Review
The purpose of the TeciRes project was to conduct a technical review of the current landscape within cloud computing to establish the extent to which existing solutions meet encountered and envisioned requirements for using emerging cloud technologies, in particular those which enable computing and storage cloud facilities for research in Higher Education (HE) institutions, and to make recommendations on further development, guidance, and standardisation. The TeciRes project is one of three parallel projects funded by JISC, the other two complementary projects being a review of “using cloud computing” focusing on cloud use cases from users’ perspectives, and a review of “environmental and organisational” implications of cloud computing” in Higher Education (HE) and further education sectors. This project combined expert consultancy and desk research approaches. The project started with stakeholder analysis, case studies from HE institutions and research departments, and a close collaboration with the “using cloud for research” group, while paying particular attention to technical requirements and issues. The project team attended research conferences and organised workshops to enrich its understanding of technical requirements, challenges, available solutions, and ongoing technical research activities. Continuous desk research was ongoing throughout the project for information consolidation, reviewing available and emerging standards, and technical prototyping. This technical review and two guidance notes (cloud computing for research, technical issues on cloud computing for research) are available on the project website . During the course of the TeciRes project, the number of Cloud-related workshops and conferences, along with white papers and publications, has greatly risen. In part this shows the interest, both commercial and academically, of this field. The outputs from the project are a reflection of an extensive literature research focused on the issues that practitioners in the field are facing. Where possible the report tries to show how they have overcome these problems. There are still many questions unanswered, in part because cloud computing for research is still only a concept to many or has only been tried on a small scale. Recommendations Recommendation 1: JISC SHOULD continue support for proofs of concept of using cloud for research. Cloud computing is in its infancy; hence a number of proof of concept application are need in order to give a baseline understanding/measure from which to assess the usefulness of cloud computing for research. Recommendation 2: JISC SHOULD stimulate cloud-based shared service delivery. Various JISC committees have invested considerable time and resources in developing shared services in a non-cloud context. Hence there are a number of existing shared services in the Grid and VRE space that can be migrated to the cloud for research, and there are new services to be developed, including the need to provide management software for virtual machine images. This will allow Universities to explore the appropriateness of various cloud types and also their ‘green’ credentials. More detailed recommendations related to environmental issues can be found in the final report of review of the environmental and organisational implications of cloud computing in Higher and Further Education. Recommendation 3: JISC COULD work with international standard bodies, for instance Open Cloud Computing Interface, a working group in OGF, or similar non-grid organisations. This will require funding and efforts, however, on standards adoption through reference implementations. Recommendation 4: JISC COULD fund various cloud service facilities, particularly storage and data cloud facilities, to explore data security and privacy as highlighted areas of concern from practitioners and stakeholders. Funding projects in this area will allow researchers to provide alternative methods of sharing research data inside UK research communities, with enhanced security and data privacy. Recommendation 5: JISC MAY fund large scale institutional and cross institutional clouds for research. This could be informed by the work of the NGS cloud pilot project currently underway, with a view to providing cloud services on the NGS structure.
cloud computing
Chen, Xiaoyu
dde6db8e-1cb1-4de4-87e9-64bab6e0220c
Wills, Gary
3a594558-6921-4e82-8098-38cd8d4e8aa0
Gilbert, Lester
a593729a-9941-4b0a-bb10-1be61673b741
Bacigalupo, David
02d99b59-c9be-4b5d-9f7f-80e81148422d
Chen, Xiaoyu
dde6db8e-1cb1-4de4-87e9-64bab6e0220c
Wills, Gary
3a594558-6921-4e82-8098-38cd8d4e8aa0
Gilbert, Lester
a593729a-9941-4b0a-bb10-1be61673b741
Bacigalupo, David
02d99b59-c9be-4b5d-9f7f-80e81148422d

Chen, Xiaoyu, Wills, Gary, Gilbert, Lester and Bacigalupo, David (2010) Using Cloud for Research: A Technical Review

Record type: Other

Abstract

The purpose of the TeciRes project was to conduct a technical review of the current landscape within cloud computing to establish the extent to which existing solutions meet encountered and envisioned requirements for using emerging cloud technologies, in particular those which enable computing and storage cloud facilities for research in Higher Education (HE) institutions, and to make recommendations on further development, guidance, and standardisation. The TeciRes project is one of three parallel projects funded by JISC, the other two complementary projects being a review of “using cloud computing” focusing on cloud use cases from users’ perspectives, and a review of “environmental and organisational” implications of cloud computing” in Higher Education (HE) and further education sectors. This project combined expert consultancy and desk research approaches. The project started with stakeholder analysis, case studies from HE institutions and research departments, and a close collaboration with the “using cloud for research” group, while paying particular attention to technical requirements and issues. The project team attended research conferences and organised workshops to enrich its understanding of technical requirements, challenges, available solutions, and ongoing technical research activities. Continuous desk research was ongoing throughout the project for information consolidation, reviewing available and emerging standards, and technical prototyping. This technical review and two guidance notes (cloud computing for research, technical issues on cloud computing for research) are available on the project website . During the course of the TeciRes project, the number of Cloud-related workshops and conferences, along with white papers and publications, has greatly risen. In part this shows the interest, both commercial and academically, of this field. The outputs from the project are a reflection of an extensive literature research focused on the issues that practitioners in the field are facing. Where possible the report tries to show how they have overcome these problems. There are still many questions unanswered, in part because cloud computing for research is still only a concept to many or has only been tried on a small scale. Recommendations Recommendation 1: JISC SHOULD continue support for proofs of concept of using cloud for research. Cloud computing is in its infancy; hence a number of proof of concept application are need in order to give a baseline understanding/measure from which to assess the usefulness of cloud computing for research. Recommendation 2: JISC SHOULD stimulate cloud-based shared service delivery. Various JISC committees have invested considerable time and resources in developing shared services in a non-cloud context. Hence there are a number of existing shared services in the Grid and VRE space that can be migrated to the cloud for research, and there are new services to be developed, including the need to provide management software for virtual machine images. This will allow Universities to explore the appropriateness of various cloud types and also their ‘green’ credentials. More detailed recommendations related to environmental issues can be found in the final report of review of the environmental and organisational implications of cloud computing in Higher and Further Education. Recommendation 3: JISC COULD work with international standard bodies, for instance Open Cloud Computing Interface, a working group in OGF, or similar non-grid organisations. This will require funding and efforts, however, on standards adoption through reference implementations. Recommendation 4: JISC COULD fund various cloud service facilities, particularly storage and data cloud facilities, to explore data security and privacy as highlighted areas of concern from practitioners and stakeholders. Funding projects in this area will allow researchers to provide alternative methods of sharing research data inside UK research communities, with enhanced security and data privacy. Recommendation 5: JISC MAY fund large scale institutional and cross institutional clouds for research. This could be informed by the work of the NGS cloud pilot project currently underway, with a view to providing cloud services on the NGS structure.

PDF TeciRes_Technical_Report.pdf - Version of Record
Download (2MB)

More information

Published date: June 2010
Keywords: cloud computing
Organisations: Electronics & Computer Science, Electronic & Software Systems, IT Innovation

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 271273
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/271273
PURE UUID: 40997639-9286-4981-b009-964dc3c185aa
ORCID for Gary Wills: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0001-5771-4088

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 18 Jun 2010 10:41
Last modified: 18 Jul 2017 06:45

Export record

Contributors

Author: Xiaoyu Chen
Author: Gary Wills ORCID iD
Author: Lester Gilbert
Author: David Bacigalupo

University divisions

Download statistics

Downloads from ePrints over the past year. Other digital versions may also be available to download e.g. from the publisher's website.

View more statistics

Atom RSS 1.0 RSS 2.0

Contact ePrints Soton: eprints@soton.ac.uk

ePrints Soton supports OAI 2.0 with a base URL of http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/cgi/oai2

This repository has been built using EPrints software, developed at the University of Southampton, but available to everyone to use.

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you continue without changing your settings, we will assume that you are happy to receive cookies on the University of Southampton website.

×