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Agent-based control for decentralised demand side management in the smart grid

Agent-based control for decentralised demand side management in the smart grid
Agent-based control for decentralised demand side management in the smart grid
Central to the vision of the smart grid is the deployment of smart meters that will allow autonomous software agents, representing the consumers, to optimise their use of devices and heating in the smart home while interacting with the grid. However, without some form of coordination, the population of agents may end up with overly-homogeneous optimised consumption patterns that may generate significant peaks in demand in the grid. These peaks, in turn, reduce the efficiency of the overall system, increase carbon emissions, and may even, in the worst case, cause blackouts. Hence, in this paper, we introduce a novel model of a Decentralised Demand Side Management (DDSM) mechanism that allows agents, by adapting the deferment of their loads based on grid prices, to coordinate in a decentralised manner. Specifically, using average UK consumption profiles for 26M homes, we demonstrate that, through an emergent coordination of the agents, the peak demand of domestic consumers in the grid can be reduced by up to 17% and carbon emissions by up to 6%. We also show that our DDSM mechanism is robust to the increasing electrification of heating in UK homes (i.e. it exhibits a similar efficiency).
energy, demand-side management electricity, multi-agent systems, agent-based control, agents
5-12
Ramchurn, Sarvapali
1d62ae2a-a498-444e-912d-a6082d3aaea3
Vytelingum, Perukrishnen
51f06fc5-024c-450d-bff2-e19c943aa87e
Rogers, Alex
f9130bc6-da32-474e-9fab-6c6cb8077fdc
Jennings, Nick
ab3d94cc-247c-4545-9d1e-65873d6cdb30
Ramchurn, Sarvapali
1d62ae2a-a498-444e-912d-a6082d3aaea3
Vytelingum, Perukrishnen
51f06fc5-024c-450d-bff2-e19c943aa87e
Rogers, Alex
f9130bc6-da32-474e-9fab-6c6cb8077fdc
Jennings, Nick
ab3d94cc-247c-4545-9d1e-65873d6cdb30

Ramchurn, Sarvapali, Vytelingum, Perukrishnen, Rogers, Alex and Jennings, Nick (2011) Agent-based control for decentralised demand side management in the smart grid. The Tenth International Conference on Autonomous Agents and Multiagent Systems (AAMAS 2011), Taiwan. 02 - 06 May 2011. pp. 5-12 .

Record type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)

Abstract

Central to the vision of the smart grid is the deployment of smart meters that will allow autonomous software agents, representing the consumers, to optimise their use of devices and heating in the smart home while interacting with the grid. However, without some form of coordination, the population of agents may end up with overly-homogeneous optimised consumption patterns that may generate significant peaks in demand in the grid. These peaks, in turn, reduce the efficiency of the overall system, increase carbon emissions, and may even, in the worst case, cause blackouts. Hence, in this paper, we introduce a novel model of a Decentralised Demand Side Management (DDSM) mechanism that allows agents, by adapting the deferment of their loads based on grid prices, to coordinate in a decentralised manner. Specifically, using average UK consumption profiles for 26M homes, we demonstrate that, through an emergent coordination of the agents, the peak demand of domestic consumers in the grid can be reduced by up to 17% and carbon emissions by up to 6%. We also show that our DDSM mechanism is robust to the increasing electrification of heating in UK homes (i.e. it exhibits a similar efficiency).

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More information

Submitted date: 4 February 2011
Published date: 2011
Venue - Dates: The Tenth International Conference on Autonomous Agents and Multiagent Systems (AAMAS 2011), Taiwan, 2011-05-02 - 2011-05-06
Keywords: energy, demand-side management electricity, multi-agent systems, agent-based control, agents
Organisations: Agents, Interactions & Complexity

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 271985
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/271985
PURE UUID: a8419fe0-bbb6-4666-bb62-3eaef03be9f2
ORCID for Sarvapali Ramchurn: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0001-9686-4302

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 04 Feb 2011 11:05
Last modified: 15 Oct 2019 00:44

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