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Inflammatory cytokines can enhance CD44-mediated airway epithelial cell adhesion independently of CD44 expression

Record type: Article

In airways, the cell surface molecule CD44 is upregulated on bronchial epithelial cells in areas of damage. We have shown that a blocking standard CD44 (CD44s) antibody caused a 77% (± 19%) inhibition of cell migration at 3 h after mechanical damage and decreased epithelial cell repair of cells grown on cell culture filter inserts. With the use of primary human bronchial epithelial cells and the bronchial epithelial cell line 16HBE 14o-, a CD44s antibody inhibited >95% (P < 0.01) of cell binding to hyaluronic acid (HA).
The cytokines TNF-?, IFN-?, IL-1?, and IL-4 stimulated a 2- to 3.5-fold increase in CD44-dependent cell binding to HA. IFN-? treatment did not increase CD44 expression as assessed by flow cytometry, although phorbol myristate acetate treatment did. This indicates that IFN-?-induced cell binding to HA did not require increased CD44 expression. These data indicate that CD44 is important for bronchial epithelial cell binding to HA and that cytokines known to be expressed in inflammation can increase HA binding independently of the level of CD44 expression.

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Citation

Leir, Shih-Hsing, Holgate, Stephen T. and Lackie, Peter M. (2003) Inflammatory cytokines can enhance CD44-mediated airway epithelial cell adhesion independently of CD44 expression American Journal of Physiology. Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology, 285, (6), L1305-L1311.

More information

Published date: 2003
Keywords: hyaluronic acid, ifn-? wound healing, repair, bronchial epithelium

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 27225
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/27225
ISSN: 1040-0605
PURE UUID: 0cdb39ea-946f-480d-aac4-f7b81b442d49
ORCID for Peter M. Lackie: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0001-7138-3764

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 27 Apr 2006
Last modified: 17 Jul 2017 16:05

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