The University of Southampton
University of Southampton Institutional Repository

Transmit Diversity Assisted Space Shift Keying for Colocated and Distributed/Cooperative MIMO Elements

Transmit Diversity Assisted Space Shift Keying for Colocated and Distributed/Cooperative MIMO Elements
Transmit Diversity Assisted Space Shift Keying for Colocated and Distributed/Cooperative MIMO Elements
Space Shift Keying (SSK) modulation is a recently proposed MIMO technique, which activates only a single transmit antenna during each time slot and uses the specific index of the activated transmit antenna to implicitly convey information. Activating a single antenna is beneficial in terms of eliminating the inter-channel interference, and mitigates the peak-to-mean power ratio, while avoiding the need for synchronisation among transmit antennas. However, this benefit is achieved at a sacrifice, since the transmit diversity gain potential of the multiple transmit antennas is not fully exploited in existing SSK assisted systems. Furthermore, a high SSK throughput requires the transmitter to employ a high number of transmit antennas, which is not always practical. Hence, we propose four algorithms, namely open-loop Space Time Space Shift Keying (ST-SSK), closed-loop feedback-aided phase rotation, feedback-aided power allocation, and cooperative ST-SSK, for the sake of achieving a diversity gain. The performance improvements of the proposed schemes are demonstrated by Monte-Carlo simulations for spatially independent Rayleigh fading channels. Their robustness against channel estimation errors is also considered. We advocate the proposed ST-SSK techniques, which are capable of achieving a transmit diversity gain of about 10 dB at a BER of 10-5, at a cost of imposing a moderate throughput loss dedicated to a modest feedback overhead. Furthermore, our proposed ST-SSK scheme lends itself to efficient communication, because the deleterious effects of deep shadow fading no longer impose spatial correlation on the signals received by the antennas, which cannot be readily avoided by co-located antenna elements.
0018-9545
2864-2869
Yang, Du
1f40de97-726c-44ae-be73-eee65346eb12
Xu, Chao
349b7322-fd17-4fcd-a49f-c62afe284d50
Yang, Lie-Liang
ae425648-d9a3-4b7d-8abd-b3cfea375bc7
Hanzo, Lajos
66e7266f-3066-4fc0-8391-e000acce71a1
Yang, Du
1f40de97-726c-44ae-be73-eee65346eb12
Xu, Chao
349b7322-fd17-4fcd-a49f-c62afe284d50
Yang, Lie-Liang
ae425648-d9a3-4b7d-8abd-b3cfea375bc7
Hanzo, Lajos
66e7266f-3066-4fc0-8391-e000acce71a1

Yang, Du, Xu, Chao, Yang, Lie-Liang and Hanzo, Lajos (2011) Transmit Diversity Assisted Space Shift Keying for Colocated and Distributed/Cooperative MIMO Elements. IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, 60 (6), 2864-2869.

Record type: Article

Abstract

Space Shift Keying (SSK) modulation is a recently proposed MIMO technique, which activates only a single transmit antenna during each time slot and uses the specific index of the activated transmit antenna to implicitly convey information. Activating a single antenna is beneficial in terms of eliminating the inter-channel interference, and mitigates the peak-to-mean power ratio, while avoiding the need for synchronisation among transmit antennas. However, this benefit is achieved at a sacrifice, since the transmit diversity gain potential of the multiple transmit antennas is not fully exploited in existing SSK assisted systems. Furthermore, a high SSK throughput requires the transmitter to employ a high number of transmit antennas, which is not always practical. Hence, we propose four algorithms, namely open-loop Space Time Space Shift Keying (ST-SSK), closed-loop feedback-aided phase rotation, feedback-aided power allocation, and cooperative ST-SSK, for the sake of achieving a diversity gain. The performance improvements of the proposed schemes are demonstrated by Monte-Carlo simulations for spatially independent Rayleigh fading channels. Their robustness against channel estimation errors is also considered. We advocate the proposed ST-SSK techniques, which are capable of achieving a transmit diversity gain of about 10 dB at a BER of 10-5, at a cost of imposing a moderate throughput loss dedicated to a modest feedback overhead. Furthermore, our proposed ST-SSK scheme lends itself to efficient communication, because the deleterious effects of deep shadow fading no longer impose spatial correlation on the signals received by the antennas, which cannot be readily avoided by co-located antenna elements.

Text
05875908.pdf - Other
Download (447kB)

More information

Published date: July 2011
Organisations: Southampton Wireless Group

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 272281
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/272281
ISSN: 0018-9545
PURE UUID: c4e2b755-658f-497a-af6b-edc0af90439b
ORCID for Lie-Liang Yang: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-2032-9327
ORCID for Lajos Hanzo: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-2636-5214

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 13 May 2011 15:39
Last modified: 17 Dec 2019 02:03

Export record

Contributors

Author: Du Yang
Author: Chao Xu
Author: Lie-Liang Yang ORCID iD
Author: Lajos Hanzo ORCID iD

University divisions

Download statistics

Downloads from ePrints over the past year. Other digital versions may also be available to download e.g. from the publisher's website.

View more statistics

Atom RSS 1.0 RSS 2.0

Contact ePrints Soton: eprints@soton.ac.uk

ePrints Soton supports OAI 2.0 with a base URL of http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/cgi/oai2

This repository has been built using EPrints software, developed at the University of Southampton, but available to everyone to use.

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you continue without changing your settings, we will assume that you are happy to receive cookies on the University of Southampton website.

×