The University of Southampton
University of Southampton Institutional Repository

Open Access to Research: Changing Researcher Behavior Through University and Funder Mandates

Harnad, Stevan (2011) Open Access to Research: Changing Researcher Behavior Through University and Funder Mandates JEDEM Journal of Democracy and Open Government, 3, (1), pp. 33-41.

Record type: Article


The primary target of the worldwide Open Access initiative is the 2.5 million articles published every year in the planet's 25,000 peer-reviewed research journals across all scholarly and scientific fields. Without exception, every one of these articles is an author give-away, written, not for royalty income, but solely to be used, applied and built upon by other researchers. The optimal and inevitable solution for this give-away research is that it should be made freely accessible to all its would-be users online and not only to those whose institutions can afford subscription access to the journal in which it happens to be published. Yet this optimal and inevitable solution, already fully within the reach of the global research community for at least two decades now, has been taking a remarkably long time to be grasped. The problem is not particularly an instance of "eDemocracy" one way or the other; it is an instance of inaction because of widespread misconceptions (reminiscent of Zeno's Paradox). The solution is for the world's research institutions and funders to (1) extend their existing "publish or perish" mandates so as to (2) require their employees and fundees to maximize the usage and impact of the research they are employed and funded to conduct and publish by (3) depositing their final drafts in their Open Access (OA) Institutional Repositories immediately upon acceptance for publication in order to (4) make their findings freely accessible to all their potential users webwide. OA metrics can then be used to measure and reward research progress and impact; and multiple layers of links, tags, commentary and discussion can be built upon and integrated with the primary research.

PDF harnad-jedem.pdf - Version of Record
Available under License Other.
Download (175kB)

More information

Published date: 6 May 2011
Additional Information: Chapter: 1 Event Dates: May 6-7 2010
Venue - Dates: EDem 2010: Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on E-Democracy 2010, Austria, 2010-05-06 - 2010-05-07
Keywords: e-democracy, open access, research impact, scientometrics, university policy, research funding
Organisations: Web & Internet Science


Local EPrints ID: 272401
PURE UUID: 59e310b8-32c9-4418-b6cd-56349349a245

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 04 Jun 2011 20:34
Last modified: 18 Jul 2017 06:25

Export record


Author: Stevan Harnad

University divisions

Download statistics

Downloads from ePrints over the past year. Other digital versions may also be available to download e.g. from the publisher's website.

View more statistics

Atom RSS 1.0 RSS 2.0

Contact ePrints Soton:

ePrints Soton supports OAI 2.0 with a base URL of

This repository has been built using EPrints software, developed at the University of Southampton, but available to everyone to use.

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you continue without changing your settings, we will assume that you are happy to receive cookies on the University of Southampton website.