The University of Southampton
University of Southampton Institutional Repository

Commons and anticommons in a simple renewable resource harvest model

Brede, Markus and Boschetti, Fabio (2009) Commons and anticommons in a simple renewable resource harvest model Ecological Complexity, 6, (1), pp. 56-63. (doi:10.1016/j.ecocom.2008.10.009).

Record type: Article


We consider a model where agents harvesting from a renewable resource can impose limitations on the harvesting efforts of other agents. Obstructing the harvesting of others comes at a cost, and is viewed as regulation of resource access. Thus, the agent population comprises agents that do not obstruct ("cooperators") and agents that obstruct ("obstructors"). As the economically better performing strategy spreads in the population, the system self-organizes at a level of obstruction which depends on the costs of obstruction, the obstruction efficiency and the history of the system. We show that commons and anticommons can be considered as the end points of a continuum of varying degrees of obstruction and we identify three regimes for the stationary state of the evolution dynamics: (i) a state where the system ends up in a tragedy of the commons, (ii) a tragedy of the anticommons state and (iii) a moderately regulated state in between both extremes. The more a policy environment in the moderately regulated state is tuned for optimality, the higher the danger that a fluctuation destabilizes the system into severe overexploitation.

PDF ecol_compl_anticommons.pdf - Other
Restricted to Registered users only
Download (545kB)

More information

Published date: March 2009
Keywords: renewable resources, commons, anticommons, agent-based, evolutionary game theory
Organisations: Agents, Interactions & Complexity


Local EPrints ID: 272862
ISSN: 1476-945X
PURE UUID: 0aa67a03-1f86-481f-9901-771340c3a1ec

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 26 Sep 2011 16:29
Last modified: 18 Jul 2017 06:19

Export record



Author: Markus Brede
Author: Fabio Boschetti

University divisions

Download statistics

Downloads from ePrints over the past year. Other digital versions may also be available to download e.g. from the publisher's website.

View more statistics

Atom RSS 1.0 RSS 2.0

Contact ePrints Soton:

ePrints Soton supports OAI 2.0 with a base URL of

This repository has been built using EPrints software, developed at the University of Southampton, but available to everyone to use.

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you continue without changing your settings, we will assume that you are happy to receive cookies on the University of Southampton website.