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Iterative learning control in healthcare electrical stimulation and robotic-assisted upper limb stroke rehabilitation

Iterative learning control in healthcare electrical stimulation and robotic-assisted upper limb stroke rehabilitation
Iterative learning control in healthcare electrical stimulation and robotic-assisted upper limb stroke rehabilitation
Annually, 15 million people worldwide suffer a stroke, and 5 million are left permanently disabled. A stroke is usually caused when a blood clot blocks a vessel in the brain and acts like a dam, stopping the blood reaching the regions downstream. Alternatively, it may be caused by a hemorrhage, in which a vessel ruptures and leaks blood into surrounding areas. As a result, some of the connecting nerve cells die, and the person commonly suffers partial paralysis on one side of the body, termed hemiplegia. Cells killed in this way cannot regrow, but the brain has some spare capacity and, hence, new connections can be made. The brain is continually and rapidly changing as new skills are learned, new connections are formed, and redundant ones disappear. A person who relearns skills after a stroke goes through the same process as someone learning to play tennis or a baby learning to walk, requiring sensory feedback during the repeated practice of a task. Unfortunately, the problem is that they can hardly move and, therefore, do not receive feedback on their performance.
iterative methods, learning systems, medical control systems, medical services
0272-1708
18-43
Freeman, Christopher T.
ccdd1272-cdc7-43fb-a1bb-b1ef0bdf5815
Rogers, Eric
611b1de0-c505-472e-a03f-c5294c63bb72
Hughes, Anne-Marie
11239f51-de47-4445-9a0d-5b82ddc11dea
Burridge, Jane H.
0110e9ea-0884-4982-a003-cb6307f38f64
Meadmore, Katie L.
4b63707b-4c44-486c-958e-e84645e7ed33
Freeman, Christopher T.
ccdd1272-cdc7-43fb-a1bb-b1ef0bdf5815
Rogers, Eric
611b1de0-c505-472e-a03f-c5294c63bb72
Hughes, Anne-Marie
11239f51-de47-4445-9a0d-5b82ddc11dea
Burridge, Jane H.
0110e9ea-0884-4982-a003-cb6307f38f64
Meadmore, Katie L.
4b63707b-4c44-486c-958e-e84645e7ed33

Freeman, Christopher T., Rogers, Eric, Hughes, Anne-Marie, Burridge, Jane H. and Meadmore, Katie L. (2012) Iterative learning control in healthcare electrical stimulation and robotic-assisted upper limb stroke rehabilitation. IEEE Control Systems Magazine, 32 (1), 18-43. (doi:10.1109/MCS.2011.2173261).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Annually, 15 million people worldwide suffer a stroke, and 5 million are left permanently disabled. A stroke is usually caused when a blood clot blocks a vessel in the brain and acts like a dam, stopping the blood reaching the regions downstream. Alternatively, it may be caused by a hemorrhage, in which a vessel ruptures and leaks blood into surrounding areas. As a result, some of the connecting nerve cells die, and the person commonly suffers partial paralysis on one side of the body, termed hemiplegia. Cells killed in this way cannot regrow, but the brain has some spare capacity and, hence, new connections can be made. The brain is continually and rapidly changing as new skills are learned, new connections are formed, and redundant ones disappear. A person who relearns skills after a stroke goes through the same process as someone learning to play tennis or a baby learning to walk, requiring sensory feedback during the repeated practice of a task. Unfortunately, the problem is that they can hardly move and, therefore, do not receive feedback on their performance.

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Published date: 20 February 2012
Keywords: iterative methods, learning systems, medical control systems, medical services
Organisations: EEE, Southampton Wireless Group

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 272964
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/272964
ISSN: 0272-1708
PURE UUID: 637134ba-1424-4af5-b9af-444584ebe8da
ORCID for Eric Rogers: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0003-0179-9398
ORCID for Anne-Marie Hughes: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-3958-8206
ORCID for Jane H. Burridge: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0003-3497-6725
ORCID for Katie L. Meadmore: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0001-5378-8370

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 27 Oct 2011 11:36
Last modified: 07 Oct 2020 05:01

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Author: Christopher T. Freeman
Author: Eric Rogers ORCID iD

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