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The Roles of Agency and Artifacts in Assembling Open Data Complementarities

The Roles of Agency and Artifacts in Assembling Open Data Complementarities
The Roles of Agency and Artifacts in Assembling Open Data Complementarities
Strong claims are made about the potential of opening government data to drive service innovation. Yet little is known about the detailed processes of how hackers create or reshape services out of new releases of public datasets, and the conditions for the move from data release to service innovation. We argue the utility of open data is accrued through the creation of new artifacts with enhanced performativity transformed by human and material agency. In a multimethod study of the open data hackers in the UK we identified a series of interlocking processes involved in the conversion of public data into services of public value. We found that few of the ‘rapid prototypes’ developed through hack day events are maintained or sustained as service innovations beyond those events. Five artifacts provided the value stack of complementarities: cleaned data available through APIs or bulk downloads, linkable data, shared source code and configuration, source code repositories, and web technologies. Our findings also suggest that only a few open datasets induce the process of change, and that initial contributions are driven by the use values but can only be sustained through an open innovative approach to induce further collaboration within a wider open data community.
Open Data, Complementarities, Materiality, Artifacts, Performativity
Kuk, George
44ac2f58-cad2-4a20-b912-490381ca886c
Davies, Tim
149cbf48-6091-4699-b468-2e0876465dbe
Kuk, George
44ac2f58-cad2-4a20-b912-490381ca886c
Davies, Tim
149cbf48-6091-4699-b468-2e0876465dbe

Kuk, George and Davies, Tim (2011) The Roles of Agency and Artifacts in Assembling Open Data Complementarities At ICIS 2011. 04 - 07 Dec 2011.

Record type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)

Abstract

Strong claims are made about the potential of opening government data to drive service innovation. Yet little is known about the detailed processes of how hackers create or reshape services out of new releases of public datasets, and the conditions for the move from data release to service innovation. We argue the utility of open data is accrued through the creation of new artifacts with enhanced performativity transformed by human and material agency. In a multimethod study of the open data hackers in the UK we identified a series of interlocking processes involved in the conversion of public data into services of public value. We found that few of the ‘rapid prototypes’ developed through hack day events are maintained or sustained as service innovations beyond those events. Five artifacts provided the value stack of complementarities: cleaned data available through APIs or bulk downloads, linkable data, shared source code and configuration, source code repositories, and web technologies. Our findings also suggest that only a few open datasets induce the process of change, and that initial contributions are driven by the use values but can only be sustained through an open innovative approach to induce further collaboration within a wider open data community.

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More information

Published date: 5 December 2011
Additional Information: Event Dates: 4th - 7th December 2011
Venue - Dates: ICIS 2011, 2011-12-04 - 2011-12-07
Keywords: Open Data, Complementarities, Materiality, Artifacts, Performativity
Organisations: Electronics & Computer Science

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 273064
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/273064
PURE UUID: 983ebae7-5aa4-4603-bc55-8e2cd6c35e19

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 13 Dec 2011 20:49
Last modified: 18 Jul 2017 06:17

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Contributors

Author: George Kuk
Author: Tim Davies

University divisions

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