Hine, Jemma E., Ho, Chi-Thi, Slaven, Antoinette and Thornton, A. Roger D.
Comparison of transient evoked otoacoustic emission thresholds recorded conventionally and using maximum length sequences
Hearing Research, 156, (1-2), . (doi:10.1016/S0378-5955(01)00271-4).
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Presenting clicks according to maximum length sequences (MLSs) enables transient evoked otoacoustic emissions (TEOAEs) to be recorded at very high stimulation rates. Despite a decrease in TEOAE amplitude, the very large number of responses obtainable at high rates means that both signal to noise ratio (SNR) and detection sensitivity increase as the click rate increases. This study characterises conventional and MLS TEOAEs near threshold for a group of normally hearing adults. Stimulus presentation rates of 40 clicks/s (conventional) and 5000 clicks/s (MLS) were used. Compared to conventional recordings, the MLS technique enabled smaller responses to be detected, when averaged for the same time and to the same SNR. TEOAE amplitude recorded at detection threshold for MLS responses was 13 dB lower than that recorded conventionally. For each individual, MLS recording also produced clear, repeatable responses at stimulus levels below the detection threshold for conventional TEOAEs. The click level at TEOAE threshold was 12 dB lower for MLS compared to conventional emissions. These results suggest that TEOAE thresholds are not absolute but strongly related to the detection sensitivity of the recording system and physiological noise. The initial growth rates and the shape of input/output functions were found to be similar for the two recording techniques.
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