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The Wessex Recent In-Patient Suicide Study, 2. Case-control study of 59 in-patient suicides

The Wessex Recent In-Patient Suicide Study, 2. Case-control study of 59 in-patient suicides
The Wessex Recent In-Patient Suicide Study, 2. Case-control study of 59 in-patient suicides
Background: psychiatric patients have an elevated risk of suicide while in hospital.
Aims: to compare social, clinical and health-care delivery factors in in-patient and out-patient suicides and their controls.
Methods: retrospective case—control study of 59 in-patients and 106 controls, matched for age, gender, diagnosis and admission date. Odds ratios were calculated using conditional multiple logistic regression.
Results: there were seven independent increased-risk factors: history of deliberate self-harm, admission under the Mental Health Act, involvement of the police in admission, depressive symptoms, violence towards property, going absent without leave and a significant care professional being on leave. When compared with out-patient suicides, in-patients were more often female and male in-patients had a psychotic illness. Unlike the out-patient suicides, social factors were not found to be significant.
Conclusions: the characteristics of in-patient and out-patient suicides differ. Identified risk factors have relatively low sensitivity and specificity.
0007-1250
537-542
King, Elizabeth A.
df3edffe-d232-4d6a-933f-37d8341611a7
Baldwin, David S.
1beaa192-0ef1-4914-897a-3a49fc2ed15e
Sinclair, Julia M.A.
be3e54d5-c6da-4950-b0ba-3cb8cdcab13c
Campbell, Michael J.
8636f189-1c81-4dc3-873e-d967d8b0ef67
King, Elizabeth A.
df3edffe-d232-4d6a-933f-37d8341611a7
Baldwin, David S.
1beaa192-0ef1-4914-897a-3a49fc2ed15e
Sinclair, Julia M.A.
be3e54d5-c6da-4950-b0ba-3cb8cdcab13c
Campbell, Michael J.
8636f189-1c81-4dc3-873e-d967d8b0ef67

King, Elizabeth A., Baldwin, David S., Sinclair, Julia M.A. and Campbell, Michael J. (2001) The Wessex Recent In-Patient Suicide Study, 2. Case-control study of 59 in-patient suicides. British Journal of Psychiatry, 178 (6), 537-542.

Record type: Article

Abstract

Background: psychiatric patients have an elevated risk of suicide while in hospital.
Aims: to compare social, clinical and health-care delivery factors in in-patient and out-patient suicides and their controls.
Methods: retrospective case—control study of 59 in-patients and 106 controls, matched for age, gender, diagnosis and admission date. Odds ratios were calculated using conditional multiple logistic regression.
Results: there were seven independent increased-risk factors: history of deliberate self-harm, admission under the Mental Health Act, involvement of the police in admission, depressive symptoms, violence towards property, going absent without leave and a significant care professional being on leave. When compared with out-patient suicides, in-patients were more often female and male in-patients had a psychotic illness. Unlike the out-patient suicides, social factors were not found to be significant.
Conclusions: the characteristics of in-patient and out-patient suicides differ. Identified risk factors have relatively low sensitivity and specificity.

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More information

Published date: 2001

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 27624
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/27624
ISSN: 0007-1250
PURE UUID: 04ff6ec0-999d-4602-a6e8-2afd0ce5a5e6
ORCID for David S. Baldwin: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0003-3343-0907
ORCID for Julia M.A. Sinclair: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-1905-2025

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 27 Apr 2006
Last modified: 09 Jan 2022 02:52

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Contributors

Author: Elizabeth A. King
Author: Michael J. Campbell

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