Roberts, P., Chumas, P.D., Picton, S., Bridges, L., Livingstone, J.H. and Sheridan, E.
A review of the cytogenetics of 58 pediatric brain tumors
Cancer Genetics and Cytogenetics, 131, (1), . (doi:10.1016/S0165-4608(01)00483-6).
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We describe the cytogenetic results of 58 pediatric central nervous system (CNS) tumors of variable histology, investigated between 1992 and 2000. Successful cytogenetics were obtained for 53 patients, with clonal chromosome abnormalities demonstrated in 25. Notable findings included (1) 2p abnormality in four primitive neuroectodermal tumors (PNET); (2) 1p loss in four low-grade gliomas and two PNET; (3) telomeric associations in one pilocytic astrocytoma; (4) chromosome 7 gain in four astrocytomas and two PNET; (5) 17p loss in four PNET; (6) double minutes in one PNET and three glioblastomas; and (7) chromosome 10 loss in four PNET. Higher grade tumors demonstrated greater karyotype complexity. Low-grade tumors showed either minimal simple chromosome changes or a normal karyotype. Chromosome abnormalities were more frequent in supratentorial tumors than their infratentorial counterparts. Our results add weight to the limited existing body of cytogenetic documentation for pediatric CNS tumors and provide further evidence that 2p loss is a consistent region of chromosome involvement in PNET. We advocate further studies of CNS tumors, in particular, to evaluate the importance of 2p changes and to compare cytogenetic results for supratentorial tumors and their infratentorial counterparts.
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