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Mathematical modelling of sand wave migration and the interaction with pipelines

Mathematical modelling of sand wave migration and the interaction with pipelines
Mathematical modelling of sand wave migration and the interaction with pipelines
A new method is presented for identifying potential pipeline problems, such as hazardous exposures. This method comprises a newly developed sand wave amplitude and migration model, and an existing pipeline-seabed interaction model. The sand wave migration model is based on physical principles and tuned with field data through data assimilation techniques. Due to its physical basis, this method is trusted to be more reliable than other, mostly engineering-based methods. The model describes and predicts the dynamics of sand waves and provides the necessary bed level input for the pipeline-seabed interaction model. The method was tested by performing a hindcast on the basis of survey data for a specific submarine gas pipeline, diameter 0.4 m, on the Dutch continental shelf. Good agreement was found with the observed seabed-pipeline levels. The applicability of the method was investigated further through a number of test cases. The self-lowering of the pipeline, in response to exposures due to sand wave migration, can be predicted, both effectively and efficiently. This allows the use of the method as a tool for pipeline operation, maintenance and abandonment.
sand waves, pipelines, morphodynamics, data assimilation, North Sea
0378-3839
197-209
Morelissen, R.
6fa2efc4-c500-412e-aee6-d3214963727a
Hulscher, S.J.M.H.
607b5835-2a4a-4020-bc38-0c64a904c37d
Knaapen, M.A.F.
32abd748-aa55-4180-a3f3-d3315e122fb1
Nemeth, A.A.
8807efa8-3f51-4916-bf61-468328105cf6
Bijker, R.
f5559616-865e-46ad-9d64-15362f35619b
Morelissen, R.
6fa2efc4-c500-412e-aee6-d3214963727a
Hulscher, S.J.M.H.
607b5835-2a4a-4020-bc38-0c64a904c37d
Knaapen, M.A.F.
32abd748-aa55-4180-a3f3-d3315e122fb1
Nemeth, A.A.
8807efa8-3f51-4916-bf61-468328105cf6
Bijker, R.
f5559616-865e-46ad-9d64-15362f35619b

Morelissen, R., Hulscher, S.J.M.H., Knaapen, M.A.F., Nemeth, A.A. and Bijker, R. (2003) Mathematical modelling of sand wave migration and the interaction with pipelines. Coastal Engineering, 48 (3), 197-209. (doi:10.1016/S0378-3839(03)00028-0).

Record type: Article

Abstract

A new method is presented for identifying potential pipeline problems, such as hazardous exposures. This method comprises a newly developed sand wave amplitude and migration model, and an existing pipeline-seabed interaction model. The sand wave migration model is based on physical principles and tuned with field data through data assimilation techniques. Due to its physical basis, this method is trusted to be more reliable than other, mostly engineering-based methods. The model describes and predicts the dynamics of sand waves and provides the necessary bed level input for the pipeline-seabed interaction model. The method was tested by performing a hindcast on the basis of survey data for a specific submarine gas pipeline, diameter 0.4 m, on the Dutch continental shelf. Good agreement was found with the observed seabed-pipeline levels. The applicability of the method was investigated further through a number of test cases. The self-lowering of the pipeline, in response to exposures due to sand wave migration, can be predicted, both effectively and efficiently. This allows the use of the method as a tool for pipeline operation, maintenance and abandonment.

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Published date: 2003
Keywords: sand waves, pipelines, morphodynamics, data assimilation, North Sea

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 27822
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/27822
ISSN: 0378-3839
PURE UUID: b3d6185d-87e7-4fa1-aa17-22b3213742ca

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Date deposited: 27 Apr 2006
Last modified: 17 Jul 2017 16:03

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