Rustighi, E. and Elliott, S.J.
Stochastic road excitation and control feasibility in a 2d linear tyre model
Journal of Sound and Vibration, 300, (3-5), . (doi:10.1016/j.jsv.2006.06.076).
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For vehicle under normal driving conditions and speeds above 30–40 km/h the dominating internal and external noise source is the sound generated by the interaction between the tyre and the road. This paper presents a simple model to predict tyre behaviour in the frequency range up to 400 Hz, where the dominant vibration is two dimensional. The tyre is modelled as an elemental system, which permits the analysis of the low-frequency tyre response when excited by distributed stochastic displacements in the contact patch. A linear model has been used to calculate the contact forces from the road roughness and thus calculate the average spectral properties of the resulting radial velocity of the tyre in one step from the spectral properties of the road roughness. Such a model has also been used to provide an estimate of the potential effect of various active control strategies for reducing the tyre vibrations
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