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'Bedingungen der moeglichkeit und unmoeglichkeit': Wittgenstein, Heidegger und Derrida

'Bedingungen der moeglichkeit und unmoeglichkeit': Wittgenstein, Heidegger und Derrida
'Bedingungen der moeglichkeit und unmoeglichkeit': Wittgenstein, Heidegger und Derrida
'Conditions of Possibility and Impossibility': Wittgenstein, Heidegger and Derrida

Derrida’s writings expose ways in which philosophical texts presuppose distinctions that they are also determined to ignore. Such a dependency might be thought to undermine those texts, replacing what they take to be fundamental with deeper, unacknowledged foundations. Yet Derrida maintains that there is no simple undermining in the offing and that the structures he identifies are not to be understood as ‘supra-transcendentals’ to philosophy's ‘transcendentals’. This paper identifies a context within which Derrida might be seen as operating and, on that basis, articulates two possible readings of his work. The first takes Derrida to be engaging in a powerfully tempting line of thought whose roots (it might be argued) lie in Heidegger and of which the work of Wittgenstein provides a critique. The second takes Derrida to be engaging instead in a form of reflection akin to that of Wittgenstein, revealing confused analogies that provide philosophical texts with the illusion of content and their distinctive pseudo-logic. I take as an illustrative case Derrida‘s early discussion of Aristotle on time; I compare Derrida’s analysis of how Aristotle comes to formulate what appears to be an essential truth about time with the early Wittgenstein’s reflections on how superficial analogies between different forms of discourse suggest that we have a grasp of what we come to see as ‘ontological categories’. The strengths and weaknesses of the two readings are evaluated.
3518292072
43-71
Suhrkamp Verlag
McManus, D.
95bb0718-d3fa-4982-9cde-05ac00b5bb24
Kern, Andrea
Menke, Christoph
McManus, D.
95bb0718-d3fa-4982-9cde-05ac00b5bb24
Kern, Andrea
Menke, Christoph

McManus, D. (2002) 'Bedingungen der moeglichkeit und unmoeglichkeit': Wittgenstein, Heidegger und Derrida. In, Kern, Andrea and Menke, Christoph (eds.) Philosophie der Dekonstruktion. Frankfurt Am Main. Suhrkamp Verlag, pp. 43-71.

Record type: Book Section

Abstract

'Conditions of Possibility and Impossibility': Wittgenstein, Heidegger and Derrida

Derrida’s writings expose ways in which philosophical texts presuppose distinctions that they are also determined to ignore. Such a dependency might be thought to undermine those texts, replacing what they take to be fundamental with deeper, unacknowledged foundations. Yet Derrida maintains that there is no simple undermining in the offing and that the structures he identifies are not to be understood as ‘supra-transcendentals’ to philosophy's ‘transcendentals’. This paper identifies a context within which Derrida might be seen as operating and, on that basis, articulates two possible readings of his work. The first takes Derrida to be engaging in a powerfully tempting line of thought whose roots (it might be argued) lie in Heidegger and of which the work of Wittgenstein provides a critique. The second takes Derrida to be engaging instead in a form of reflection akin to that of Wittgenstein, revealing confused analogies that provide philosophical texts with the illusion of content and their distinctive pseudo-logic. I take as an illustrative case Derrida‘s early discussion of Aristotle on time; I compare Derrida’s analysis of how Aristotle comes to formulate what appears to be an essential truth about time with the early Wittgenstein’s reflections on how superficial analogies between different forms of discourse suggest that we have a grasp of what we come to see as ‘ontological categories’. The strengths and weaknesses of the two readings are evaluated.

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Published date: 2002
Organisations: Philosophy

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Local EPrints ID: 28953
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/28953
ISBN: 3518292072
PURE UUID: 4b224ef2-7bd5-4126-a07c-deb6d07b43d5

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Date deposited: 08 May 2006
Last modified: 17 Jul 2017 15:59

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Contributors

Author: D. McManus
Editor: Andrea Kern
Editor: Christoph Menke

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