The University of Southampton
University of Southampton Institutional Repository

How viscous is a superfluid neutron star core?

How viscous is a superfluid neutron star core?
How viscous is a superfluid neutron star core?
We discuss the effects of superfluidity on the shear viscosity in a neutron star core. Our study combines existing theoretical results for the viscosity coefficients with data for the various superfluid energy gaps into a consistent description. In particular, we provide a simple model for the electron viscosity which is relevant both when the protons form a normal fluid and when they become superconducting. This model explains in a clear way why proton superconductivity leads to a significant strengthening of the shear viscosity. We present our results in a form which permits the use of data for any given modern equation of state (our final formulas are explicitly dependent on the proton fraction). We discuss a simple description of the relevant superfluid pairing gaps, and construct a number of models (spanning the range of current uncertainty) which are then used to discuss the superfluid suppression of shear viscosity. We conclude by a discussion of a number of challenges that must be met if we are to make further progress in this area of research.
0375-9474
212-229
Andersson, N.
2dd6d1ee-cefd-478a-b1ac-e6feedafe304
Glampedakis, K.
bece2036-f721-468e-9cd2-cf4324ff2deb
Comer, G.L.
f2c1746c-8638-4268-94f0-e5d4375f0358
Andersson, N.
2dd6d1ee-cefd-478a-b1ac-e6feedafe304
Glampedakis, K.
bece2036-f721-468e-9cd2-cf4324ff2deb
Comer, G.L.
f2c1746c-8638-4268-94f0-e5d4375f0358

Andersson, N., Glampedakis, K. and Comer, G.L. (2005) How viscous is a superfluid neutron star core? Nuclear Physics A, A763 (0375-947), 212-229.

Record type: Article

Abstract

We discuss the effects of superfluidity on the shear viscosity in a neutron star core. Our study combines existing theoretical results for the viscosity coefficients with data for the various superfluid energy gaps into a consistent description. In particular, we provide a simple model for the electron viscosity which is relevant both when the protons form a normal fluid and when they become superconducting. This model explains in a clear way why proton superconductivity leads to a significant strengthening of the shear viscosity. We present our results in a form which permits the use of data for any given modern equation of state (our final formulas are explicitly dependent on the proton fraction). We discuss a simple description of the relevant superfluid pairing gaps, and construct a number of models (spanning the range of current uncertainty) which are then used to discuss the superfluid suppression of shear viscosity. We conclude by a discussion of a number of challenges that must be met if we are to make further progress in this area of research.

Full text not available from this repository.

More information

Published date: 2005
Additional Information: Comment: corrected error in the discussion of proton screening + some other minor corrections

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 29464
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/29464
ISSN: 0375-9474
PURE UUID: e037eb41-e30b-43e2-b647-bdeb9ec508d1

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 11 May 2006
Last modified: 17 Jul 2017 15:57

Export record

Download statistics

Downloads from ePrints over the past year. Other digital versions may also be available to download e.g. from the publisher's website.

View more statistics

Atom RSS 1.0 RSS 2.0

Contact ePrints Soton: eprints@soton.ac.uk

ePrints Soton supports OAI 2.0 with a base URL of https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/cgi/oai2

This repository has been built using EPrints software, developed at the University of Southampton, but available to everyone to use.

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you continue without changing your settings, we will assume that you are happy to receive cookies on the University of Southampton website.

×