Renno, Jamil M. and Mace, Brian R.
(2011)
Calculating the forced response of two-dimensional homogeneous media using the wave and finite element method.
*Journal of Sound and Vibration*, 330 (24), 5913 - 5927.
(doi:10.1016/j.jsv.2011.06.011).

## Abstract

The forced response of two-dimensional, infinite, homogenous media subjected to time harmonic loading is treated. The approach starts with the wave and the finite element (WFE) method where a small segment of a homogeneous medium is modelled using commercial or in-house finite element (FE) packages. The approach is equally applicable to periodic structures with a periodic cell being modelled. This relatively small model is then used, along with periodicity conditions, to formulate an eigenvalue problem whose solution yields the wave characteristics of the whole medium. The eigenvalue problem involves the excitation frequency and the wavenumbers (or propagation constants) in the two directions. The wave characteristics of the medium are then used to obtain the response of the medium to a convected harmonic pressure (CHP). Since the Fourier transform of a general two-dimensional excitation is a linear combination of CHPs, the response to a general excitation is a linear combination of the responses to CHPs. Thus, the response of a two-dimensional medium to a general excitation can be obtained by evaluating an inverse Fourier transform. This is a double integral, one of which is evaluated analytically using contour integration and the residue theorem. The other integral can be evaluated numerically. Hence, the approach presented herein enables the response of an infinite two-dimensional or periodic medium to an arbitrary load to be computed via (a) modelling a small segment of the medium using standard FE methods and post-processing its model to obtain the wave characteristics, (b) formulating the Fourier transform of the response to a general loading, and (c) computing the inverse of the Fourier transform semi-analytically via contour integration and the residue theorem, followed by a numerical integration to find the response at any point in the medium. Numerical examples are presented to illustrate the approach

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