Regional unemployment and labour mobility in the UK
European Economic Review, 41, (3-5), . (doi:10.1016/S0014-2921(97)00024-X).
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This paper surveys analysis of the relationship between regional unemployment and labour mobility in the UK. A notable feature is the recent rise in the volatility of unemployment in the high wage region of the South East. This is explained by the relative growth of personal sector mortgage indebtedness in that region and greater consumption demand sensitivity to interest rate shocks. Regional unemployment rate differences are largely determined in the manual labour market and show only slight evidence of cyclically corrected convergence. This is underpinned by relatively low migration amongst manual workers, and little sensitivity of out-migration to regional labour market slack. Two regions have experienced persistent employment growth and attracted significant immigration of non-manual labour to low unemployment and increasing relative wage labour markets.
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