The University of Southampton
University of Southampton Institutional Repository

An infinite-horizon model of dynamic membership of international environmental agreements

Rubio, S. J. and Ulph, A. (2002) An infinite-horizon model of dynamic membership of international environmental agreements , Southampton University of Southampton (Discussion Papers in Economics and Econometrics, 210).

Record type: Monograph (Discussion Paper)


Much of the literature on international environmental agreements uses static models, although most important transboundary pollution problems involve stock pollutants. The few papers that study IEAs using models of stock pollutants do not allow for the possibility that membership of the IEA may change endogenously over time. In this paper we analyse a simple infinite-horizon version of the Barrett (1994) model, in which unit damage costs increase with the stock of pollution, and countries decide each period whether to join an IEA. We show that there exists a steady-state stock of pollution with corresponding steady-state IEA membership, and that if the initial stock of pollution is below (above) steady-state then membership of the IEA declines (rises) as the stock of pollution tends to steady-state. As we increase the parameter linking damage costs to the pollution stock, initial and steady-state membership decline; in the limit, membership is small and constant over time.

PDF 0210.pdf - Other
Download (317kB)

More information

Published date: 2002
Keywords: self-enforcing international environmental agreements, internal and external stability, stock pollutant


Local EPrints ID: 33203
ISSN: 0966-4246
PURE UUID: 2c4e5f93-8702-46a2-8a4b-1bd3aa9a2561

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 18 May 2006
Last modified: 17 Jul 2017 15:53

Export record


Author: S. J. Rubio
Author: A. Ulph

University divisions

Download statistics

Downloads from ePrints over the past year. Other digital versions may also be available to download e.g. from the publisher's website.

View more statistics

Atom RSS 1.0 RSS 2.0

Contact ePrints Soton:

ePrints Soton supports OAI 2.0 with a base URL of

This repository has been built using EPrints software, developed at the University of Southampton, but available to everyone to use.

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you continue without changing your settings, we will assume that you are happy to receive cookies on the University of Southampton website.