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An agent-based model of jaguar movement through conservation corridors

Watkins, Angela, Noble, Jason and Doncaster, C. Patrick, (2011) An agent-based model of jaguar movement through conservation corridors Lenaerts, Tom, Giacobini, Mario, Bersini, Hugues, Bourgine, Paul, Dorigo, Marco and Doursat, René (eds.) In Advances in Artificial Life, ECAL 2011: Proceedings of the Eleventh European Conference on the Synthesis and Simulation of Living Systems. MIT Press., pp. 846-853.

Record type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)

Abstract

Wildlife corridors mitigate against habitat fragmentation by connecting otherwise isolated regions, bringing well established benefits to conservation both in principle and practice. Populations of large mammals in particular may depend on habitat connectivity, yet conservation managers struggle to optimise corridor designs with the rudimentary information generally available on movement behaviours. We present an agent-based model of jaguars (Panthera onca), scaled for fragmented habitat in Belize where proposals already exist for creating a jaguar corridor. We use a leastcost approach to simulate movement paths through alternative possible landscapes. Six different types of corridor and three control conditions differ substantially in their effectiveness at mixing agents across the environment despite relatively little difference in individual welfare. Our best estimates of jaguar movement behaviours suggest that a set of five narrow corridors may out-perform one wide corridor of the same overall area. We discuss the utility of ALife modelling for conservation management.

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More information

Published date: 2011
Venue - Dates: ECAL 2011: 11th European Conference on the Synthesis and Simulation of Living Systems, France, 2011-08-08 - 2011-08-12
Organisations: Agents, Interactions & Complexity, Environmental

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 334228
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/334228
ISBN: 978-0-262-29714-1
PURE UUID: 3727c999-8c36-42fc-a4fc-c6dc7a939a19
ORCID for C. Patrick Doncaster: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0001-9406-0693

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 08 Mar 2012 13:35
Last modified: 18 Jul 2017 06:12

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Contributors

Author: Angela Watkins
Author: Jason Noble
Editor: Tom Lenaerts
Editor: Mario Giacobini
Editor: Hugues Bersini
Editor: Paul Bourgine
Editor: Marco Dorigo
Editor: René Doursat

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