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A Kuznets Curve Analysis of Ozone-depleting Substances and the Montreal Protocol

Mason, Robin and Swanson, Tim (2003) A Kuznets Curve Analysis of Ozone-depleting Substances and the Montreal Protocol Oxford Economic Papers, 55, (1), pp. 1-24.

Record type: Article


This paper examines the relationship between countries' propensity to emit chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) and income per capita. The main part of the analysis uses dynamic estimation methods on a panel of CFC production. In contrast to static analyses, we find statistically significant quadratic relationship between income and CFC production, with a critical income level in the Kuznets curve of $16,050.
This reinforces the trend observed in other papers that global pollutants have higher critical income levels than local or urban pollutants. In addition, it suggests that, in the absence of any international agreement, CFC production in the poorest countries would ensure that there is a substantial rise in global production over the next 50 years.

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Published date: 2003


Local EPrints ID: 33431
ISSN: 0030-7653
PURE UUID: bbc5e2c4-96e3-4423-aafa-0c2b37d1e639

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Date deposited: 16 May 2006
Last modified: 17 Jul 2017 15:52

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Author: Robin Mason
Author: Tim Swanson

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