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Predicting catastrophic decline in mobility among older people

Predicting catastrophic decline in mobility among older people
Predicting catastrophic decline in mobility among older people
Objective: to investigate the associations between chronic health conditions, psychosocial and environmental factors and catastrophic decline in mobility among older people.Design: longitudinal cohort.Setting: national sample living in private households.Participants: nine hundred and ninety-nine adults aged = 65 years at initial interview, of which 786 agreed to take part in a follow-up survey 12 months later, and 531 responded to the questionnaire.Measurements: catastrophic decline in mobility: inability to do any of the three activities of daily living items - walking 400 yards, climbing up and down stairs or steps and getting on a bus - having been capable of independently doing all three one year earlier.Results: similar annual rates of catastrophic decline were reported for men and women: 4.8 [ 95% confidence interval (CI) 2.7 - 8.3] and 4.6% ( 2.4 - 8.6), respectively. Strong associations were found between catastrophic decline and age > 70 years, hearing problems and health deterioration, odds ratio ( OR) 3.7 ( 95% CI 1.1 - 11.8), 2.8 ( 1.1 - 7.3) and 4.3 ( 1.2 - 14.7), respectively. Poor perceptions of health, loss of control and feeling fearful also appeared to be important: below average summary psychological status, OR 6.5 ( 1.9 - 22.3). Inability to do heavy housework, carry heavy shopping or bend to cut own toenails, indicating poor functional reserve capacity, was strongly associated with decline, OR 6.8 ( 2.2 - 20.8).Conclusion: psychosocial factors are as strongly associated with catastrophic decline as deterioration in health status. Interventions to reduce the risk of catastrophic decline may require management of psychosocial problems as well as health condition components.
catastrophic decline, mobility, social engagement, physical reserve capacity, elderly, SELF-RATED HEALTH, LOWER-EXTREMITY FUNCTION, MAINTAINING MOBILITY, PHYSICAL-DISABILITY, LATE-LIFE, MORTALITY, ADULTS, POPULATION, ABILITY, AGE
0002-0729
382 - 387
Ayis, S.
c7dac8da-92e9-4d3e-98e3-497c51cc5fc7
Gooberman-Hill, R.
69f671d8-888b-4249-8a26-59c1b6ed85d2
Bowling, Ann
796ca209-687f-4079-8a40-572076251936
Ebrahim, S.
cc462d6d-f796-479f-8126-7a48fcb965d4
Ayis, S.
c7dac8da-92e9-4d3e-98e3-497c51cc5fc7
Gooberman-Hill, R.
69f671d8-888b-4249-8a26-59c1b6ed85d2
Bowling, Ann
796ca209-687f-4079-8a40-572076251936
Ebrahim, S.
cc462d6d-f796-479f-8126-7a48fcb965d4

Ayis, S., Gooberman-Hill, R., Bowling, Ann and Ebrahim, S. (2006) Predicting catastrophic decline in mobility among older people. Age and Ageing, 35 (4), 382 - 387. (doi:10.1093/ageing/afl004).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Objective: to investigate the associations between chronic health conditions, psychosocial and environmental factors and catastrophic decline in mobility among older people.Design: longitudinal cohort.Setting: national sample living in private households.Participants: nine hundred and ninety-nine adults aged = 65 years at initial interview, of which 786 agreed to take part in a follow-up survey 12 months later, and 531 responded to the questionnaire.Measurements: catastrophic decline in mobility: inability to do any of the three activities of daily living items - walking 400 yards, climbing up and down stairs or steps and getting on a bus - having been capable of independently doing all three one year earlier.Results: similar annual rates of catastrophic decline were reported for men and women: 4.8 [ 95% confidence interval (CI) 2.7 - 8.3] and 4.6% ( 2.4 - 8.6), respectively. Strong associations were found between catastrophic decline and age > 70 years, hearing problems and health deterioration, odds ratio ( OR) 3.7 ( 95% CI 1.1 - 11.8), 2.8 ( 1.1 - 7.3) and 4.3 ( 1.2 - 14.7), respectively. Poor perceptions of health, loss of control and feeling fearful also appeared to be important: below average summary psychological status, OR 6.5 ( 1.9 - 22.3). Inability to do heavy housework, carry heavy shopping or bend to cut own toenails, indicating poor functional reserve capacity, was strongly associated with decline, OR 6.8 ( 2.2 - 20.8).Conclusion: psychosocial factors are as strongly associated with catastrophic decline as deterioration in health status. Interventions to reduce the risk of catastrophic decline may require management of psychosocial problems as well as health condition components.

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More information

Published date: July 2006
Keywords: catastrophic decline, mobility, social engagement, physical reserve capacity, elderly, SELF-RATED HEALTH, LOWER-EXTREMITY FUNCTION, MAINTAINING MOBILITY, PHYSICAL-DISABILITY, LATE-LIFE, MORTALITY, ADULTS, POPULATION, ABILITY, AGE
Organisations: Faculty of Health Sciences

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 334592
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/334592
ISSN: 0002-0729
PURE UUID: 19d8b0dd-8523-48ec-aa0e-8a72c7cd483c

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Date deposited: 28 Mar 2012 16:04
Last modified: 18 Jul 2017 06:11

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