Al Hakim, Mohammad M., Lombardini, Marta, Sun, Kai, Giustiniano, Francesco, Roach, Peter L., Davies, Donna E., Howarth, Peter H., de Planque, Maurits R.R., Morgan, Hywel and Ashburn, Peter
Thin film polycrystalline silicon nanowire biosensors
Nano Letters, 12, (4), . (doi:10.1021/nl2042276). (PMID:22432636).
Polysilicon nanowire biosensors have been fabricated using a top-down process and were used to determine the binding constant of two inflammatory biomarkers. A very low cost nanofabrication process was developed, based on simple and mature photolithography, thin film technology and plasma etching, enabling an easy route to mass manufacture. Antibodyfunctionalized nanowire sensors were used to detect the proteins interleukin-8 (IL-8) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) over a wide range of concentrations, demonstrating excellent sensitivity and selectivity, exemplified by a detection sensitivity of 10fM in the presence of a 100,000-fold excess of a non-target protein. Nanowire titration curves gave antibody-antigen dissociation constants in good agreement with low-salt enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs). This fabrication process produces high-quality nanowires that are suitable for lowcost mass production, providing a realistic route to the realization of disposable nanoelectronic Point-of-Care (PoC) devices.
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