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The Geological Record of Ocean Acidification

Record type: Article

Ocean acidification may have severe consequences for marine ecosystems; however, assessing its future impact is difficult because laboratory experiments and field observations are limited by their reduced ecologic complexity and sample period, respectively. In contrast, the geological record contains long-term evidence for a variety of global environmental perturbations, including ocean acidification plus their associated biotic responses. We review events exhibiting evidence for elevated atmospheric CO2, global warming, and ocean acidification over the past ~300 million years of Earth’s history, some with contemporaneous extinction or evolutionary turnover among marine calcifiers. Although similarities exist, no past event perfectly parallels future projections in terms of disrupting the balance of ocean carbonate chemistry—a consequence of the unprecedented rapidity of CO2 release currently taking place.

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Citation

Honisch, B., Ridgwell, A., Schmidt, D.N., Thomas, E., Gibbs, S.J., Sluijs, A., Zeebe, R., Kump, L., Martindale, R.C., Greene, S.E., Kiessling, W., Ries, J., Zachos, J.C., Royer, D.L., Barker, S., Marchitto, T.M., Moyer, R., Pelejero, C., Ziveri, P., Foster, G.L. and Williams, B. (2012) The Geological Record of Ocean Acidification Science, 335, (6072), pp. 1058-1063. (doi:10.1126/science.1208277).

More information

Published date: 2012
Organisations: Geochemistry, Paleooceanography & Palaeoclimate

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 336369
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/336369
ISSN: 0036-8075
PURE UUID: 8bf61c49-3ef8-4e4e-9fd3-709bc6f990de

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 22 Mar 2012 11:09
Last modified: 18 Jul 2017 06:08

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Contributors

Author: B. Honisch
Author: A. Ridgwell
Author: D.N. Schmidt
Author: E. Thomas
Author: S.J. Gibbs
Author: A. Sluijs
Author: R. Zeebe
Author: L. Kump
Author: R.C. Martindale
Author: S.E. Greene
Author: W. Kiessling
Author: J. Ries
Author: J.C. Zachos
Author: D.L. Royer
Author: S. Barker
Author: T.M. Marchitto
Author: R. Moyer
Author: C. Pelejero
Author: P. Ziveri
Author: G.L. Foster
Author: B. Williams

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