Huang, Yao-Wei, Chen, Wei Ting, Wu, Pin Chieh, Ho, You Zhe, Chau, Yuan-Fong, Zheludev, Nikolay I. and Tsai, Din Ping
Plasmonic toroidal metamaterials at optical frequencies
At Progress In Electromagnetics Research Symposium (PIERS 2012), Malaysia.
Toroidal dipole is created by currents flowing on a surface of a doughnut-shaped structure along its meridians first considered by Zel'dovich in 1957 . Toroidal metamaterials were first theoretically proposed in 2007 . In 2010, the toroidal metamaterials consisted by four three-dimensional resonant split rings show toroidal response in microwave region . In this paper, we study the optical responses by integrating four U-shaped split-ring resonators (SRRs) together. The resonances of the four U-shaped SRRs array with magnetic field of incident light passing through the resonant rings was numerically investigated by using commercial software COMSOL 3.5a based on finite-element method (FEM). The permittivity of gold was described by the Lorentz-Drude model . The size of a single U-shaped SRR is 250nm (arms) x 300nm (bottom) and 50nm line width wire loop. Simulation results shows toroidal and magnetic dipole resonance at free space wavelength 2520nm and 2620nm respectively. Incident light induced magnetic dipoles point in the same direction produced magnetic resonance. In contrast, four magnetic dipoles form a head-to-tail configuration which concentrates toroidal resonance.
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