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Sustained hydrostatic pressure tolerance of the shallow water shrimp Palaemonetes varians at different temperatures: insights into the colonisation of the deep sea

Sustained hydrostatic pressure tolerance of the shallow water shrimp Palaemonetes varians at different temperatures: insights into the colonisation of the deep sea
Sustained hydrostatic pressure tolerance of the shallow water shrimp Palaemonetes varians at different temperatures: insights into the colonisation of the deep sea
We investigated the tolerance of adult specimens of the shallow-water shrimp Palaemonetes varians to sustained high hydrostatic pressure (10 MPa) across its thermal tolerance window (from 5 to 27 °C) using both behavioural (survival and activity) and molecular (hsp70 gene expression) approaches. To our knowledge, this paper reports the longest elevated hydrostatic pressure exposures ever performed on a shallow-water marine organism. Behavioural analysis showed a 100% survival rate of P. varians after 7 days at 10 MPa and 5 or 10 °C, whilst cannibalism was observed at elevated temperature (27 °C), suggesting no impairment of specific dynamic action. A significant interaction of pressure and temperature was observed for both behavioural and molecular responses. Elevated pressure was found to exacerbate the effect of temperature on the behaviour of the animals by reducing activity at low temperature and by increasing activity at high temperature. In contrast, only high pressure combined with low temperature increased the expression of hsp70 genes. We suggest that the impressive tolerance of P. varians to sustained elevated pressure may reflect the physiological capability of an ancestral species to colonise the deep sea. Our results also support the hypothesis that deep-sea colonisation may have occurred during geological periods of time when the oceanic water column was warm and vertically homogenous.
Deep sea, Evolution, HSP70, Pressure, Shallow water, Shrimp, Temperaturedeep sea, evolution, pressure, shallow water, shrimp, temperature
1531-4332
357-363
Cottin, D.
9e3449e4-0c77-4b0c-a40e-1944af86cb2d
Brown, Alastair
909f34db-bc9c-403f-ba8f-31aee1c00161
Oliphant, Andrew
a080aa80-9deb-4e70-aadb-7c0b02600735
Mestre, N.C.
af51d167-71b2-41b5-b46c-8b1b785dfc8d
Ravaux, J.
c1ae600d-cc08-4f99-9c29-bc719963c46f
Shillito, B.
4f84c279-55ee-4aa4-9c48-21b15bd71603
Thatje, S.
f1011fe3-1048-40c0-97c1-e93b796e6533
Cottin, D.
9e3449e4-0c77-4b0c-a40e-1944af86cb2d
Brown, Alastair
909f34db-bc9c-403f-ba8f-31aee1c00161
Oliphant, Andrew
a080aa80-9deb-4e70-aadb-7c0b02600735
Mestre, N.C.
af51d167-71b2-41b5-b46c-8b1b785dfc8d
Ravaux, J.
c1ae600d-cc08-4f99-9c29-bc719963c46f
Shillito, B.
4f84c279-55ee-4aa4-9c48-21b15bd71603
Thatje, S.
f1011fe3-1048-40c0-97c1-e93b796e6533

Cottin, D., Brown, Alastair, Oliphant, Andrew, Mestre, N.C., Ravaux, J., Shillito, B. and Thatje, S. (2012) Sustained hydrostatic pressure tolerance of the shallow water shrimp Palaemonetes varians at different temperatures: insights into the colonisation of the deep sea. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part A: Molecular & Integrative Physiology, 162 (4), 357-363. (doi:10.1016/j.cbpa.2012.04.005).

Record type: Article

Abstract

We investigated the tolerance of adult specimens of the shallow-water shrimp Palaemonetes varians to sustained high hydrostatic pressure (10 MPa) across its thermal tolerance window (from 5 to 27 °C) using both behavioural (survival and activity) and molecular (hsp70 gene expression) approaches. To our knowledge, this paper reports the longest elevated hydrostatic pressure exposures ever performed on a shallow-water marine organism. Behavioural analysis showed a 100% survival rate of P. varians after 7 days at 10 MPa and 5 or 10 °C, whilst cannibalism was observed at elevated temperature (27 °C), suggesting no impairment of specific dynamic action. A significant interaction of pressure and temperature was observed for both behavioural and molecular responses. Elevated pressure was found to exacerbate the effect of temperature on the behaviour of the animals by reducing activity at low temperature and by increasing activity at high temperature. In contrast, only high pressure combined with low temperature increased the expression of hsp70 genes. We suggest that the impressive tolerance of P. varians to sustained elevated pressure may reflect the physiological capability of an ancestral species to colonise the deep sea. Our results also support the hypothesis that deep-sea colonisation may have occurred during geological periods of time when the oceanic water column was warm and vertically homogenous.

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More information

e-pub ahead of print date: 16 April 2012
Published date: August 2012
Keywords: Deep sea, Evolution, HSP70, Pressure, Shallow water, Shrimp, Temperaturedeep sea, evolution, pressure, shallow water, shrimp, temperature
Organisations: Ocean Biochemistry & Ecosystems, Southampton Marine & Maritime Institute

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 336917
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/336917
ISSN: 1531-4332
PURE UUID: 8e654688-0cd3-467e-99c8-a8db37a47252

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Date deposited: 11 Apr 2012 09:13
Last modified: 20 Nov 2021 11:44

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Contributors

Author: D. Cottin
Author: Alastair Brown
Author: Andrew Oliphant
Author: N.C. Mestre
Author: J. Ravaux
Author: B. Shillito
Author: S. Thatje

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