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Maternity leave in turbulent times: effects on labor market transitions and fertility in Russia, 1985-2000

Gerber, Theodore P. and Perelli-Harris, Brienna (2012) Maternity leave in turbulent times: effects on labor market transitions and fertility in Russia, 1985-2000 Social Forces, 90, (4), pp. 1297-1322. (doi:10.1093/sf/sor043).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Maternity leave policies are designed to ease the tension between women's employment and fertility, but whether they actually play such a role remains unclear. We analyze the individual-level effects of maternity leave on employment outcomes and on second conception rates among Russian first-time mothers from 1985-2000 using retrospective job and fertility histories from the Survey of Stratification and Migration Dynamics in Russia. During this period Russia experienced tremendous economic and political turbulence, which many observers believed would undermine policies like maternity leave and otherwise adversely affect the situation of women. Nevertheless, we find that maternity leave helped women maintain a foothold in the labor market, even during the more turbulent post-transition period. Also, women who took extended leave (6-36 months) in connection with a first birth had elevated rates of second conceptions after they returned to the workforce.

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e-pub ahead of print date: 6 June 2012
Published date: June 2012
Organisations: Social Statistics & Demography

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 337011
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/337011
ISSN: 0037-7732
PURE UUID: 2749fe69-e6ed-4909-86c4-82cf0a8dd3c0

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Date deposited: 16 Apr 2012 09:31
Last modified: 18 Jul 2017 06:05

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Author: Theodore P. Gerber

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