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Developmental plasticity and epigenetic mechanisms underpinning metabolic and cardiovascular diseases

Low, F.M., Gluckman, Peter D. and Hanson, Mark A. (2011) Developmental plasticity and epigenetic mechanisms underpinning metabolic and cardiovascular diseases Epigenomics, 3, (3), pp. 279-294. (doi:10.2217/epi.11.17).

Record type: Article

Abstract

The importance of developmental factors in influencing the risk of later-life disease has a strong evidence base derived from multiple epidemiological, clinical and experimental studies in animals and humans. During early life, an organism is able to adjust its phenotypic development in response to environmental cues. Such developmentally plastic responses evolved as a fitness-maximizing strategy to cope with variable environments. There are now increasing data that these responses are, at least partially, underpinned by epigenetic mechanisms. A mismatch between the early and later-life environments may lead to inappropriate early life-course epigenomic changes that manifest in later life as increased vulnerability to disease. There is also growing evidence for the transgenerational transmission of epigenetic marks. This article reviews the evidence that susceptibility to metabolic and cardiovascular disease in humans is linked to changes in epigenetic marks induced by early-life environmental cues, and discusses the clinical, public health and therapeutic implications that arise.

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Published date: June 2011
Organisations: Human Development & Health

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 337156
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/337156
ISSN: 1750-1911
PURE UUID: 4693e5e4-bc83-4e80-aeee-84cd7ec56386

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 19 Apr 2012 08:33
Last modified: 18 Jul 2017 06:04

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Contributors

Author: F.M. Low
Author: Peter D. Gluckman
Author: Mark A. Hanson

University divisions

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