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The role of vascular myoglobin in nitrite-mediated blood vessel relaxation

Record type: Article

Aims: this work investigates the role of myoglobin in mediating the vascular relaxation induced by nitrite. Nitrite, previously considered an inert by-product of nitric oxide metabolism, is now believed to play an important role in several areas of pharmacology and physiology. Myoglobin can act as a nitrite reductase in the heart, where it is plentiful, but it is present at a far lower level in vascular smooth muscle—indeed, its existence in the vessel wall is controversial. Haem proteins have been postulated to be important in nitrite-induced vasodilation, but the specific role of myoglobin is unknown. The current study was designed to confirm the presence of myoglobin in murine aortic tissue and to test the hypothesis that vascular wall myoglobin is important for nitrite-induced vasodilation.

Methods and results: aortic rings from wild-type and myoglobin knockout mice were challenged with nitrite, before and after exposure to the haem-protein inhibitor carbon monoxide (CO). CO inhibited vasodilation in wild-type rings but not in myoglobin-deficient rings. Restitution of myoglobin using a genetically modified adenovirus both increased vasodilation to nitrite and reinstated the wild-type pattern of response to CO.

Conclusion: myoglobin is present in the murine vasculature and contributes significantly to nitrite-induced vasodilation

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Citation

Ormerod, Julian O.M., Ashrafian, Houman, Maher, Abdul R., Arif, Sayqa, Steeples, Violetta, Born, Gustav V.R., Egginton, Stuart, Feelisch, Martin, Watkins, Hugh and Frenneaux, Michael P. (2011) The role of vascular myoglobin in nitrite-mediated blood vessel relaxation Cardiovascular Research, 89, (3), pp. 560-565. (doi:10.1093/cvr/cvq299). (PMID:20889759).

More information

e-pub ahead of print date: 1 October 2010
Published date: 15 February 2011
Organisations: Clinical & Experimental Sciences

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 337694
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/337694
ISSN: 0008-6363
PURE UUID: 06b93b95-6440-4963-aecb-241a5ae677ca
ORCID for Martin Feelisch: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0003-2320-1158

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 02 May 2012 11:47
Last modified: 18 Jul 2017 06:01

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Contributors

Author: Julian O.M. Ormerod
Author: Houman Ashrafian
Author: Abdul R. Maher
Author: Sayqa Arif
Author: Violetta Steeples
Author: Gustav V.R. Born
Author: Stuart Egginton
Author: Martin Feelisch ORCID iD
Author: Hugh Watkins
Author: Michael P. Frenneaux

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