Noack, Eike and Feelisch, Martin
Molecular aspects underlying the vasodilator action of molsidomine
Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology, 14, supplement 11, . (PMID:2484685).
Using different techniques, we measured the kinetics of nitric oxide (NO) liberation from SIN-1, the metabolite of molsidomine, and some related sydnonimines like its thiomorpholinyl analog, compound C 78-0698, and compared it under identical experimental conditions with its biological action at the guanylate cyclase (GC) site, taking this target enzyme as a suitable bioassay. There was a close relationship between half-maximal activation of GC and the velocity of NO release. The thiomorpholinyl analog was slightly more active in NO liberation than SIN-1 and activated the enzyme more rapidly. The kinetics of SIN-1A and SIN-1C formation, determined by high-performance liquid chromatography, could be accurately described by a Bateman equation. Oxyhemoglobin shifted the concentration-response curve of SIN-1 at the isolated soluble GC concentration to the right, whereas methemoglobin was without any effect. The results of our chemical and biochemical studies suggest that velocity and amount of NO formation are the only rate-limiting factors of guanylate cyclase activation by sydnonimines like SIN-1. NO, therefore, exclusively is the mediator of their pharmacodynamic action. In remarkable contrast to nitrate esters like glyceryl trinitrate or isosorbide dinitrate, NO liberation is not dependent on the interaction with thiol-containing compounds like cysteine.
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