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Explaining differential protest participation: novices, returners, repeaters and stalwarts

Explaining differential protest participation: novices, returners, repeaters and stalwarts
Explaining differential protest participation: novices, returners, repeaters and stalwarts
Scholarly work on protest participation has tended to focus on the special characteristics of first-timers and the highly committed, underplaying the significance of those in between. In this article, we fill a lacuna in the literature by refocusing attention on four different types of protesters – novices, returners, repeaters and stalwarts. We test whether these four types of protesters are differentiated by biographical/structural availability and/or psychological/attitudinal engagement. We employ data from protest surveys of six May Day and four climate change demonstrations that took place in seven European countries (2009-2010). Our results suggest that biographic availability distinguishes our four groups, but not straightforwardly as a matter of degree. Few indicators of structural availability distinguish between the groups of protesters, and emotional factors do not distinguish between them at all. Whilst some political engagement factors distinguish between the groups as a matter of degree, others suggest similarity between novices and returners. This confirms the need to avoid treating protesters as a homogenous group and reinforces the importance of assessing the contributions of diverse factors to sustaining ‘protest politics’.
protest, climate change, may day, biographic availability, structural availability, political engagement
1086-671X
Saunders, Clare
c1478ea2-16d7-4fac-856d-516c97e4d5eb
Grasso, Maria
8b784ede-8f40-46ab-bf42-961f88191392
Olcese, Cristiana
fd2ff8fe-7738-4d5b-b248-a7d15090f798
Rainsford, Emily
24d5de33-4a40-4efe-8fc6-d950c8887d0d
Rootes, Christopher
e8d55235-507d-45c2-a424-b747797b48fc
Saunders, Clare
c1478ea2-16d7-4fac-856d-516c97e4d5eb
Grasso, Maria
8b784ede-8f40-46ab-bf42-961f88191392
Olcese, Cristiana
fd2ff8fe-7738-4d5b-b248-a7d15090f798
Rainsford, Emily
24d5de33-4a40-4efe-8fc6-d950c8887d0d
Rootes, Christopher
e8d55235-507d-45c2-a424-b747797b48fc

Saunders, Clare, Grasso, Maria, Olcese, Cristiana, Rainsford, Emily and Rootes, Christopher (2012) Explaining differential protest participation: novices, returners, repeaters and stalwarts. Mobilization. (In Press)

Record type: Article

Abstract

Scholarly work on protest participation has tended to focus on the special characteristics of first-timers and the highly committed, underplaying the significance of those in between. In this article, we fill a lacuna in the literature by refocusing attention on four different types of protesters – novices, returners, repeaters and stalwarts. We test whether these four types of protesters are differentiated by biographical/structural availability and/or psychological/attitudinal engagement. We employ data from protest surveys of six May Day and four climate change demonstrations that took place in seven European countries (2009-2010). Our results suggest that biographic availability distinguishes our four groups, but not straightforwardly as a matter of degree. Few indicators of structural availability distinguish between the groups of protesters, and emotional factors do not distinguish between them at all. Whilst some political engagement factors distinguish between the groups as a matter of degree, others suggest similarity between novices and returners. This confirms the need to avoid treating protesters as a homogenous group and reinforces the importance of assessing the contributions of diverse factors to sustaining ‘protest politics’.

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More information

Accepted/In Press date: 2012
Keywords: protest, climate change, may day, biographic availability, structural availability, political engagement
Organisations: Politics & International Relations

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 338011
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/338011
ISSN: 1086-671X
PURE UUID: 074816d7-55d8-4780-a696-dbaee9e0f27d

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 10 May 2012 09:33
Last modified: 22 Jul 2022 18:04

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Contributors

Author: Clare Saunders
Author: Maria Grasso
Author: Cristiana Olcese
Author: Emily Rainsford
Author: Christopher Rootes

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