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The use of marriage data to measure the social order in nineteenth-century Britain

Bottero, Wendy and Prandy, Kenneth (1998) The use of marriage data to measure the social order in nineteenth-century Britain Sociological Research Online, 3, (1)

Record type: Article

Abstract

This article describes the construction of a measure of the social order in the nineteenth century, which will subsequently be used as a basis for studying processes of social reproduction (or social mobility). The technique of correspondence analysis is used to map the ordering of groups of occupations in two time periods 1777-1866 and 1867-1913. The data are derived from the occupations at marriage of the groom, his father and his father-in-law (the occupations of brides, unfortunately, being very much under-recorded). Marriage, it is argued, is a socially significant act linking, on average, families that occupy similar positions in the social order and analyses of the patterns of social interaction involved provide a means of determining the nature of the social space within which similarity is defined. The three occupations provide three pair-wise comparisons and each comparison gives a mapping of the row occupations and the column occupations six in all. Since any one of these should provide a measure of the social order, assuming there to be any consistency in such a concept, we would expect that, at both time periods, the result of the analyses would be six closely-related estimates of the same underlying dimension. This is what is found; the inter-correlations are very high. Furthermore, there is a very strong relationship between the measures of the social order constructed for the two time periods. The analyses are presented within a framework that emphasises the value of the procedures used for understanding the nature of measurement in social science.
Keywords: Correspondence Analysis; Marriage; Measurement; Social Mobility; Social Order; Social Reproduction; Social Space

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More information

Published date: 1998
Keywords: correspondence analysis, marriage, measurement, social mobility, social order, social reproduction, social space

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 33815
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/33815
ISSN: 1360-7804
PURE UUID: 4600e033-ef20-427d-b1e2-5f1e8f664a20

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Date deposited: 07 Dec 2006
Last modified: 17 Jul 2017 15:51

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Contributors

Author: Wendy Bottero
Author: Kenneth Prandy

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