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Mitochondrial DNA signals of late glacial recolonization of Europe from near Eastern refugia

Mitochondrial DNA signals of late glacial recolonization of Europe from near Eastern refugia
Mitochondrial DNA signals of late glacial recolonization of Europe from near Eastern refugia
Human populations, along with those of many other species, are thought to have contracted into a number of refuge areas at the height of the last Ice Age. European populations are believed to be, to a large extent, the descendants of the inhabitants of these refugia, and some extant mtDNA lineages can be traced to refugia in Franco-Cantabria (haplogroups H1, H3, V, and U5b1), the Italian Peninsula (U5b3), and the East European Plain (U4 and U5a). Parts of the Near East, such as the Levant, were also continuously inhabited throughout the Last Glacial Maximum, but unlike western and eastern Europe, no archaeological or genetic evidence for Late Glacial expansions into Europe from the Near East has hitherto been discovered. Here we report, on the basis of an enlarged whole-genome mitochondrial database, that a substantial, perhaps predominant, signal from mitochondrial haplogroups J and T, previously thought to have spread primarily from the Near East into Europe with the Neolithic population, may in fact reflect dispersals during the Late Glacial period, ?19–12 thousand years (ka) ago.

0002-9297
915-924
Pala, Maria
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Olivieri, Anna
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Achilli, Alessandro
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Accetturo, Matteo
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Metspalu, Ene
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Reidla, Maere
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Tamm, Erika
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Karmin, Monika
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Reisberg, Tuuli
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Kashani, Baharak Hooshiar
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Perego, Ugo A.
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Carossa, Valeria
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Gandini, Francesca
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Pereira, Joana B.
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Soares, Pedro
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Angerhofer, Norman
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Rychkov, Sergei
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Al-Zahery, Nadia
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Carelli, Valerio
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Sanati, Mohammad Hossein
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Houshmand, Massoud
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Hatina, Jiři
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Macaulay, Vincent
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Pereira, Luísa
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Woodward, Scott R.
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Davies, William
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Gamble, Clive
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Baird, Douglas
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Semino, Ornella
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Villems, Richard
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Torroni, Antonio
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Richards, Martin B.
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Pala, Maria
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Olivieri, Anna
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Achilli, Alessandro
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Accetturo, Matteo
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Metspalu, Ene
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Reidla, Maere
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Tamm, Erika
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Karmin, Monika
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Reisberg, Tuuli
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Kashani, Baharak Hooshiar
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Perego, Ugo A.
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Carossa, Valeria
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Gandini, Francesca
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Pereira, Joana B.
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Soares, Pedro
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Angerhofer, Norman
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Rychkov, Sergei
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Al-Zahery, Nadia
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Carelli, Valerio
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Sanati, Mohammad Hossein
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Houshmand, Massoud
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Hatina, Jiři
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Macaulay, Vincent
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Pereira, Luísa
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Woodward, Scott R.
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Davies, William
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Gamble, Clive
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Baird, Douglas
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Semino, Ornella
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Villems, Richard
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Torroni, Antonio
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Richards, Martin B.
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Pala, Maria, Olivieri, Anna, Achilli, Alessandro, Accetturo, Matteo, Metspalu, Ene, Reidla, Maere, Tamm, Erika, Karmin, Monika, Reisberg, Tuuli, Kashani, Baharak Hooshiar, Perego, Ugo A., Carossa, Valeria, Gandini, Francesca, Pereira, Joana B., Soares, Pedro, Angerhofer, Norman, Rychkov, Sergei, Al-Zahery, Nadia, Carelli, Valerio, Sanati, Mohammad Hossein, Houshmand, Massoud, Hatina, Jiři, Macaulay, Vincent, Pereira, Luísa, Woodward, Scott R., Davies, William, Gamble, Clive, Baird, Douglas, Semino, Ornella, Villems, Richard, Torroni, Antonio and Richards, Martin B. (2012) Mitochondrial DNA signals of late glacial recolonization of Europe from near Eastern refugia. The American Journal of Human Genetics, 90 (5), 915-924. (doi:10.1016/j.ajhg.2012.04.003). (PMID:22560092)

Record type: Article

Abstract

Human populations, along with those of many other species, are thought to have contracted into a number of refuge areas at the height of the last Ice Age. European populations are believed to be, to a large extent, the descendants of the inhabitants of these refugia, and some extant mtDNA lineages can be traced to refugia in Franco-Cantabria (haplogroups H1, H3, V, and U5b1), the Italian Peninsula (U5b3), and the East European Plain (U4 and U5a). Parts of the Near East, such as the Levant, were also continuously inhabited throughout the Last Glacial Maximum, but unlike western and eastern Europe, no archaeological or genetic evidence for Late Glacial expansions into Europe from the Near East has hitherto been discovered. Here we report, on the basis of an enlarged whole-genome mitochondrial database, that a substantial, perhaps predominant, signal from mitochondrial haplogroups J and T, previously thought to have spread primarily from the Near East into Europe with the Neolithic population, may in fact reflect dispersals during the Late Glacial period, ?19–12 thousand years (ka) ago.

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Published date: 3 May 2012
Organisations: Archaeology

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Local EPrints ID: 338165
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/338165
ISSN: 0002-9297
PURE UUID: efa9041a-9d07-4b3b-b9e2-2b9524f8ae1d

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Date deposited: 10 May 2012 10:40
Last modified: 16 Dec 2019 20:39

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Contributors

Author: Maria Pala
Author: Anna Olivieri
Author: Alessandro Achilli
Author: Matteo Accetturo
Author: Ene Metspalu
Author: Maere Reidla
Author: Erika Tamm
Author: Monika Karmin
Author: Tuuli Reisberg
Author: Baharak Hooshiar Kashani
Author: Ugo A. Perego
Author: Valeria Carossa
Author: Francesca Gandini
Author: Joana B. Pereira
Author: Pedro Soares
Author: Norman Angerhofer
Author: Sergei Rychkov
Author: Nadia Al-Zahery
Author: Valerio Carelli
Author: Mohammad Hossein Sanati
Author: Massoud Houshmand
Author: Jiři Hatina
Author: Vincent Macaulay
Author: Luísa Pereira
Author: Scott R. Woodward
Author: William Davies
Author: Clive Gamble
Author: Douglas Baird
Author: Ornella Semino
Author: Richard Villems
Author: Antonio Torroni
Author: Martin B. Richards

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