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Dimensions and correlates of quality of life according to frailty status: a cross-sectional study on community-dwelling older adults referred to an outpatient geriatric service in Italy

Bilotta, Claudio, Bowling, Ann, Casè, Alessandra, Nicolini, Paola, Mauri, Sabrina, Castelli, Manuela and Vergani, Carlo (2010) Dimensions and correlates of quality of life according to frailty status: a cross-sectional study on community-dwelling older adults referred to an outpatient geriatric service in Italy Health and Quality of Life Outcomes, 8, (56) (doi:10.1186/1477-7525-8-56). (PMID: 20529325).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Background

There is a lack of knowledge concerning the relationship between two closely-linked multidimensional variables: frailty and quality of life (QOL). The aim of this study was to investigate dimensions and correlates of QOL associated with frailty status among community-dwelling older outpatients.

Methods

We conducted a cross-sectional survey of 239 community-dwelling outpatients aged 65+ (mean age 81.5 years) consecutively referred to a geriatric medicine clinic in Italy between June and November 2009. Participants underwent a comprehensive geriatric assessment, including assessment of their frailty status according to the Study of Osteoporotic Fractures (SOF) criteria, and QOL, which was evaluated by using the Older People's QOL (OPQOL) questionnaire. One-way ANOVA and chi-squared tests were used to find correlates of frailty, including QOL dimensions, after stratification of participants in the "robust" (n = 72), "pre-frail" (n = 89) and "frail" (n = 78) groups. Multiple linear regression analyses were performed to find correlates of QOL in the overall sample and among "frail" and "robust" participants.

Results

A negative trend of QOL with frailty status was found for almost all dimensions of QOL (health, independence, home and neighbourhood, psychological and emotional well-being, and leisure, activities and religion) except for social relationships and participation and financial circumstances. Independent correlates of a poor QOL in the total sample were "reduced energy level" (SOF criterion for frailty), depressive status, dependence in transferring and bathing abilities and money management (adjusted R squared 0.39); among "frail" participants the associations were with depressive status and younger age, and among "robust" participants the association was with lower body mass index.

Conclusions

Five out of seven dimensions of QOL were negatively affected by frailty, but only one SOF criterion for frailty was independently related to QOL, after correction for age, functional status and depression. A more advanced age as well as a better affective status were correlates of a better QOL among frail elders. Interventions targeting the QOL in frail community-dwelling older outpatients should consider as outcomes, not only health-related QOL, but also other domains of the QOL.

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More information

Published date: 8 June 2010
Organisations: Faculty of Health Sciences

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 338308
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/338308
ISSN: 1477-7525
PURE UUID: 47e710dc-1388-4192-8206-32ac57e1f51a

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 11 May 2012 15:32
Last modified: 18 Jul 2017 05:58

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Contributors

Author: Claudio Bilotta
Author: Ann Bowling
Author: Alessandra Casè
Author: Paola Nicolini
Author: Sabrina Mauri
Author: Manuela Castelli
Author: Carlo Vergani

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