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Prevention and treatment of incontinence-associated dermatitis: literature review

Prevention and treatment of incontinence-associated dermatitis: literature review
Prevention and treatment of incontinence-associated dermatitis: literature review
Aim. This paper is a report of a review conducted to describe the current evidence about the prevention and treatment of incontinence-associated dermatitis and to formulate recommendations for clinical practice and research.

Background. Incontinence-associated dermatitis is a common problem in patients with incontinence. It is a daily challenge for healthcare professionals to maintain a healthy skin in patients with incontinence.

Data sources. PubMed, Cochrane, Embase, the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, reference lists and conference proceedings were explored up to September 2008.

Review methods. Publications were included if they reported research on the prevention and treatment of incontinence associated dermatitis. As little consensus about terminology was found, a very sensitive filter was developed. Study design was not used as a selection criterion due to the explorative character of the review and the scarce literature.

Results. Thirty-six publications, dealing with 25 different studies, were included. The implementation of a structured perineal skin care programme including skin cleansing and the use of a moisturizer is suggested. A skin protectant is recommended for patients considered at risk of incontinence-associated dermatitis development. Perineal skin cleansers are preferable to using water and soap. Skin care is suggested after each incontinence episode, particularly if faeces are present. The quality of methods in the included studies was low.

Conclusions. Incontinence-associated dermatitis can be prevented and healed with timely and appropriate skin cleansing and skin protection. Prevention and treatment should also focus on a proper use of incontinence containment materials. Further research is required to evaluate the efficacy and effectiveness of various interventions.
dermatitis, incontinence, literature review, nursing, pressure ulcers, prevention, treatment
0309-2402
1141-1154
Beeckman, Dimitri
1ead183b-0e82-4b3f-864b-8dfc2e58de3e
Schoonhoven, Lisette
46a2705b-c657-409b-b9da-329d5b1b02de
Verhaeghe, Sofie
0813302f-0299-4e53-af27-f12caf1266dd
Heyneman, Alexander
e53e6d2d-193a-4858-a00f-4d1197426617
Defloor, Tom
51beda91-f7d4-48c0-adb1-491e6f1c6492
Beeckman, Dimitri
1ead183b-0e82-4b3f-864b-8dfc2e58de3e
Schoonhoven, Lisette
46a2705b-c657-409b-b9da-329d5b1b02de
Verhaeghe, Sofie
0813302f-0299-4e53-af27-f12caf1266dd
Heyneman, Alexander
e53e6d2d-193a-4858-a00f-4d1197426617
Defloor, Tom
51beda91-f7d4-48c0-adb1-491e6f1c6492

Beeckman, Dimitri, Schoonhoven, Lisette, Verhaeghe, Sofie, Heyneman, Alexander and Defloor, Tom (2009) Prevention and treatment of incontinence-associated dermatitis: literature review. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 65 (6), 1141-1154. (doi:10.1111/j.1365-2648.2009.04986.x). (PMID:19374674)

Record type: Article

Abstract

Aim. This paper is a report of a review conducted to describe the current evidence about the prevention and treatment of incontinence-associated dermatitis and to formulate recommendations for clinical practice and research.

Background. Incontinence-associated dermatitis is a common problem in patients with incontinence. It is a daily challenge for healthcare professionals to maintain a healthy skin in patients with incontinence.

Data sources. PubMed, Cochrane, Embase, the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, reference lists and conference proceedings were explored up to September 2008.

Review methods. Publications were included if they reported research on the prevention and treatment of incontinence associated dermatitis. As little consensus about terminology was found, a very sensitive filter was developed. Study design was not used as a selection criterion due to the explorative character of the review and the scarce literature.

Results. Thirty-six publications, dealing with 25 different studies, were included. The implementation of a structured perineal skin care programme including skin cleansing and the use of a moisturizer is suggested. A skin protectant is recommended for patients considered at risk of incontinence-associated dermatitis development. Perineal skin cleansers are preferable to using water and soap. Skin care is suggested after each incontinence episode, particularly if faeces are present. The quality of methods in the included studies was low.

Conclusions. Incontinence-associated dermatitis can be prevented and healed with timely and appropriate skin cleansing and skin protection. Prevention and treatment should also focus on a proper use of incontinence containment materials. Further research is required to evaluate the efficacy and effectiveness of various interventions.

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More information

Published date: June 2009
Keywords: dermatitis, incontinence, literature review, nursing, pressure ulcers, prevention, treatment
Organisations: Faculty of Health Sciences

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 339226
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/339226
ISSN: 0309-2402
PURE UUID: 2301cf54-9a37-4413-83da-db17e71c60eb
ORCID for Lisette Schoonhoven: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-7129-3766

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Date deposited: 25 May 2012 11:26
Last modified: 12 Nov 2019 01:39

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