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Measuring communication in physical therapy consultations: a novel approach

Record type: Article

Background & objective: Communication in clinical encounters is vital in ensuring a positive experience and outcome for both patient and clinician. The purpose of this methodological paper was to measure verbal communication between physical therapists and patients with back pain during their initial consultation, and trial management of the resultant data using a novel, web-based application.

Design: Observational, cross-sectional study.

Methods. Nine musculoskeletal physical therapists and 27 patients with back pain participated in this study. Twenty-five initial consultations were observed, audio-recorded and analysed using The Medical Communications Behavior System. Data were managed using Synote, a freely-available application enabling synchronization of audio-recordings with transcripts and coded notes. Semi-structured interviews were undertaken with all participants, to elicit their perceptions of the consultation.

Results: This method of data management facilitated analysis of the content of verbal communication during clinical encounters with potential for sub-group analyses. Among the patterns identified in the data were that more-experienced clinicians employed more ‘history and background probes’, more ‘advice/suggestion’ and less ‘restatement’ than less-experienced staff, although they demonstrated a greater prevalence of talking concurrently and interrupting patients.
Limitations. The aim of this exploratory study was to trial the methods; it was not powered for sub-group analyses.

Conclusion: Verbal communication can be measured in physical therapy consultations for back pain using valid tools and managed using Synote. This study has directly contributed to developing a research-friendly version of the application: ‘Synote Researcher’. Investing time in further developing communication skills is vital for maximizing clinical outcomes. This study highlighted differences in communication associated with levels of clinical experience and gender, which has implications for clinical practice and teaching.

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Citation

Roberts, Lisa, Whittle, Christopher, Cleland, Jennifer and Wald, Mike (2013) Measuring communication in physical therapy consultations: a novel approach Physical Therapy, 93, (4), Spring Issue

More information

Published date: April 2013
Organisations: Web & Internet Science, Physical & Rehabilitation Health

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 339275
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/339275
ISSN: 0031-9023
PURE UUID: aea48205-dd0e-495d-8f73-9974f901a858

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 28 May 2012 13:28
Last modified: 18 Jul 2017 05:53

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Contributors

Author: Lisa Roberts
Author: Christopher Whittle
Author: Jennifer Cleland
Author: Mike Wald

University divisions


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