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Positive intelligence illusions: on the relation between intellectual self-enhancement and psychological adjustment

Positive intelligence illusions: on the relation between intellectual self-enhancement and psychological adjustment
Positive intelligence illusions: on the relation between intellectual self-enhancement and psychological adjustment
The relation between self-enhancement and psychological adjustment has been debated for over 2 decades. This controversy is partly due to the variety of approaches implicated in the assessment of mainly self-enhancement but also psychological adjustment. We adopted a face-valid approach by statistically removing actual intellectual ability variance from self-rated intellectual ability variance. Study 1 (N? =?2,048), a concurrent Internet investigation, provided initial insight into the relation between intellectual self-enhancement and psychological adjustment. Study 2 (N?=?238), a longitudinal round-robin investigation, allowed a closer examination of the dynamic processes underlying this relation. Self-enhancement was positively linked to multiple indicators of intrapersonal and interpersonal adjustment, and predicted rank-order increases in adjustment over time. The links between intellectual self-enhancement and intrapersonal adjustment were mediated by self-esteem. Finally, the interpersonal costs and benefits of self-enhancement systematically varied depending on methodology
0022-3506
537-572
Dufner, Michael
391ec8f9-cb70-4855-8dd7-1e34c3ec3977
Denissen, Jaap J.A.
bb39190c-45ad-4218-9200-20b496010da9
Van Zalk, Maarten
dfb71a9f-72cf-4719-a731-8a9a00db3c86
Matthes, Benjamin
f74b02db-135b-4464-8f68-0e377cfb4cdc
van Aken, Marcel A.G
cf8b7c4f-f5bb-46e3-8374-b6e4326d9950
Sedikides, Constantine
9d45e66d-75bb-44de-87d7-21fd553812c2
Meeus, Wim H.J.
f53a1324-91a8-407e-8322-3525af83892c
Dufner, Michael
391ec8f9-cb70-4855-8dd7-1e34c3ec3977
Denissen, Jaap J.A.
bb39190c-45ad-4218-9200-20b496010da9
Van Zalk, Maarten
dfb71a9f-72cf-4719-a731-8a9a00db3c86
Matthes, Benjamin
f74b02db-135b-4464-8f68-0e377cfb4cdc
van Aken, Marcel A.G
cf8b7c4f-f5bb-46e3-8374-b6e4326d9950
Sedikides, Constantine
9d45e66d-75bb-44de-87d7-21fd553812c2
Meeus, Wim H.J.
f53a1324-91a8-407e-8322-3525af83892c

Dufner, Michael, Denissen, Jaap J.A., Van Zalk, Maarten, Matthes, Benjamin, van Aken, Marcel A.G, Sedikides, Constantine and Meeus, Wim H.J. (2012) Positive intelligence illusions: on the relation between intellectual self-enhancement and psychological adjustment Journal of Personality, 80, (3), pp. 537-572.

Record type: Article

Abstract

The relation between self-enhancement and psychological adjustment has been debated for over 2 decades. This controversy is partly due to the variety of approaches implicated in the assessment of mainly self-enhancement but also psychological adjustment. We adopted a face-valid approach by statistically removing actual intellectual ability variance from self-rated intellectual ability variance. Study 1 (N? =?2,048), a concurrent Internet investigation, provided initial insight into the relation between intellectual self-enhancement and psychological adjustment. Study 2 (N?=?238), a longitudinal round-robin investigation, allowed a closer examination of the dynamic processes underlying this relation. Self-enhancement was positively linked to multiple indicators of intrapersonal and interpersonal adjustment, and predicted rank-order increases in adjustment over time. The links between intellectual self-enhancement and intrapersonal adjustment were mediated by self-esteem. Finally, the interpersonal costs and benefits of self-enhancement systematically varied depending on methodology

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e-pub ahead of print date: 26 April 2012

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Local EPrints ID: 339819
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/339819
ISSN: 0022-3506
PURE UUID: 8064090c-31d8-47a5-a64d-94bfab8681d2

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Date deposited: 31 May 2012 10:37
Last modified: 30 Aug 2017 18:35

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Contributors

Author: Michael Dufner
Author: Jaap J.A. Denissen
Author: Maarten Van Zalk
Author: Benjamin Matthes
Author: Marcel A.G van Aken
Author: Wim H.J. Meeus

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