Young, Jacqueline A., Elliott, Stephen J. and Lineton, Ben
Investigating the wave-fixed and place-fixed origins of the 2f1-f2 distortion product otoacoustic emission within a micromechanical cochlear model
Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 131, (6), . (doi:10.1121/1.4707447).
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The 2f1-f2 distortion product otoacoustic emission (DPOAE) arises within the cochlea due to the nonlinear interaction of two stimulus tones (f1 and f2). It is thought to comprise contributions from a wave-fixed source and a place-fixed source. The generation and transmission of the 2f1-f2 DPOAE is investigated here using quasilinear solutions to an elemental model of the human cochlea with nonlinear micromechanics. The micromechanical parameters and nonlinearity are formulated to match the measured response of the cochlea to single- and two-tone stimulation. The controlled introduction of roughness into the active micromechanics of the model allows the wave- and place-fixed contributions to the DPOAE to be studied separately. It is also possible to manipulate the types of nonlinear suppression that occur within the quasilinear model to investigate the influence of stimulus parameters on DPOAE generation. The model predicts and explains a variety of 2f1-f2 DPOAE phenomena: The dependence of emission amplitude on stimulus parameters, the weakness of experiments designed to quantify cochlear amplifier gain, and the predominant mechanism which gives rise to DPOAE fine structure. In addition, the model is used to investigate the properties of the wave-fixed source and how these properties are influenced by the stimulus parameters
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