The University of Southampton
University of Southampton Institutional Repository

Are neighborhood education levels associated with BMI among adults in Cairo, Egypt?

Mowafi, Mona, Khadr, Zeinab, Subramanian, S.V., Bennett, Gary, Hill, Allan and Kawachi, Ichiro (2011) Are neighborhood education levels associated with BMI among adults in Cairo, Egypt? Social Science & Medicine, 72, (8), pp. 1274-1283. (doi:10.1016/j.socscimed.2011.01.032). (PMID:21440350).

Record type: Article


This study examined the association between area-level education and BMI among adults in Cairo, Egypt. A sample of 3993 households including 1990 men and 2003 women were analyzed from the 2007 Cairo Urban Inequity Study, a study which aimed to identify potential intra-urban inequities in health related to the environment and living conditions in Cairo. Using multilevel analysis, we found that residents of high education neighborhoods were significantly less likely to be obese compared to low education neighborhoods. An inverse association between neighborhood education and individual BMI was observed whereby each unit increase in percentage of households with greater than a high school education was associated with a 0.036 kg/m(2) decrease in BMI of individuals. This translated into a difference between high and low education neighborhoods of 6.86 kg (15.1 lb) for women based on an average height of 1.65 m and 6.10 kg (13.4 lb) for men based on an average height of 1.75 m after adjusting for sociodemographic, socioeconomic, health and environmental factors. These findings suggest that programs aiming to reduce BMI among adults in this setting may be well-served by focusing on education since it appears to have an effect at the neighborhood level over and above the impact it has at the individual level. This may be due to several factors such as greater access to knowledge and information regarding health and nutrition, greater food availability, and shifting cultural perceptions of beauty away from an ideal body shape of plumpness in favor of thinness in high education neighborhoods. The cross-sectional nature of our study does not allow for causal interpretations, however, so further studies exploring why the neighborhood education-BMI association is so significant is warranted.

Full text not available from this repository.

More information

Published date: April 2011
Organisations: Social Statistics & Demography


Local EPrints ID: 340397
ISSN: 0277-9536
PURE UUID: 9df56c63-085d-4621-9b10-36127f212408

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 20 Jun 2012 14:12
Last modified: 18 Jul 2017 05:44

Export record



Author: Mona Mowafi
Author: Zeinab Khadr
Author: S.V. Subramanian
Author: Gary Bennett
Author: Allan Hill
Author: Ichiro Kawachi

University divisions

Download statistics

Downloads from ePrints over the past year. Other digital versions may also be available to download e.g. from the publisher's website.

View more statistics

Atom RSS 1.0 RSS 2.0

Contact ePrints Soton:

ePrints Soton supports OAI 2.0 with a base URL of

This repository has been built using EPrints software, developed at the University of Southampton, but available to everyone to use.

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you continue without changing your settings, we will assume that you are happy to receive cookies on the University of Southampton website.