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Distance threshold for the effect of urban agriculture on elevated self-reported malaria prevalence in Accra, Ghana

Stoler, Justin, Weeks, John R., Getis, Arthur and Hill, Allan G. (2009) Distance threshold for the effect of urban agriculture on elevated self-reported malaria prevalence in Accra, Ghana American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 80, (4), pp. 547-554. (PMID:18298857).

Record type: Article


Irrigated urban agriculture (UA), which has helped alleviate poverty and increase food security in rapidly urbanizing sub-Saharan Africa, may inadvertently support malaria vectors. Previous studies have not identified a variable distance effect on malaria prevalence from UA. This study examines the relationships between self-reported malaria information for 3,164 women surveyed in Accra, Ghana, in 2003, and both household characteristics and proximity to sites of UA. Malaria self-reports are associated with age, education, overall health, socioeconomic status, and solid waste disposal method. The odds of self-reported malaria are significantly higher for women living within 1 km of UA compared with all women living near an irrigation source, the association disappearing beyond this critical distance. Malaria prevalence is often elevated in communities within 1 km of UA despite more favorable socio-economic characteristics than communities beyond 1 km. Neighborhoods within 1 km of UA should be reconsidered as a priority for malaria-related care.

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Published date: April 2009
Organisations: Social Statistics & Demography


Local EPrints ID: 340399
ISSN: 0002-9637
PURE UUID: f8e6c675-e061-4216-a478-744eaa864e15

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Date deposited: 20 Jun 2012 14:29
Last modified: 18 Jul 2017 05:44

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Author: Justin Stoler
Author: John R. Weeks
Author: Arthur Getis
Author: Allan G. Hill

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