A motivational hierarchy within: primacy of the individual self, relational self, or collective self?


Gaertner, Lowell, Sedikides, Constantine, Luke, Michelle, O'Mara, Erin, Iuzzini, Jonathan, Jackson, Lydia Eckstein, Cai, Huajian and Wu, Quiping (2012) A motivational hierarchy within: primacy of the individual self, relational self, or collective self? Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 48, (5), pp. 997-1013. (doi:10.1016/j.jesp.2012.03.009).

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Description/Abstract

The individual self, relational self, and collective self are important and meaningful aspects of identity. However, they plausibly differ in their relative importance such that one self lies closer to the motivational core of the self-concept, better represent the “home base” of selfhood, or, simply stated, is motivationally primary. Four multi-method studies tested the relative motivational-primacy of the selves. Despite their disparate methods, the studies yielded consistent evidence of a three-tiered hierarchy with the individual self at the top, followed by the relational self, and trailed at the bottom by the collective self. The same hierarchy emerged in the Eastern culture of China and the Western cultures of the US and UK. Such pancultural consistency suggests that the motivationalhierarchy is a fundamental pattern of the human self.

Item Type: Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi:10.1016/j.jesp.2012.03.009
ISSNs: 0022-1031 (print)
Keywords: self, motivation, culture
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
ePrint ID: 340946
Date :
Date Event
19 March 2012e-pub ahead of print
September 2012Published
Date Deposited: 06 Jul 2012 15:34
Last Modified: 17 Apr 2017 16:50
Further Information:Google Scholar
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/340946

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