Relationships between prosodic and musical meters in the beste form of classical Turkish music
Asian Music, 36, (1), . (doi:10.1353/amu.2005.0003).
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Classical Turkish music is essentially vocal in nature, and a large portion of
its lyrics is taken from Ottoman dîvân literature. The primary prosodic meter used in
dîvân is arûz, whereas the musical meter utilized in classical Turkish music is usûl. This
study investigates the relationships between the large rhythmic patterns (usûl ) and the
prosodic meters (arûz) utilized in the beste formof classical Turkishmusic. In an analysis
of 466 beste, a relationship was found between each usûl and arûz meter, but an
even stronger concordance was discovered between each usûl and a class of arûz patterns
called bahir. Thus, this research establishes that, rather than thinking in terms of
an arûz–usûl relationship, it is more appropriate to emphasize a bahir–usûl relationship
within the beste form. The results of this study confirm the existence of this relationship,
which was hypothesized by Tanr?korur to exist in the beste form (1990:6).
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