The University of Southampton
University of Southampton Institutional Repository

Communal narcissism

Gebauer, Jochen E., Sedikides, Constantine, Verplanken, Bas and Maio, Gregory R. (2012) Communal narcissism Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 103, (5), pp. 854-878. (PMID:22889074).

Record type: Article


An agency-communion model of narcissism distinguishes between agentic narcissists (individuals satisfying self-motives of grandiosity, esteem, entitlement, and power in agentic domains) and communal narcissists (individuals satisfying the same self-motives in communal domains). Five studies supported the model. In Study 1, participants listed their grandiose self-thoughts. Two distinct types emerged: agentic ("I am the most intelligent person") and communal ("I am the most helpful person"). In Study 2, we relied on the listed communal grandiose self-thoughts to construct the Communal Narcissism Inventory. It was psychometrically sound, stable over time, and largely independent of the Narcissistic Personality Inventory-the standard measure of agentic narcissism. In Studies 3 and 4, agentic and communal narcissists shared the same self-motives, while crucially differing in their means for need satisfaction: Agentic narcissists capitalized on agentic means, communal narcissists on communal means. Study 5 revisited the puzzle of low self-other agreement regarding communal traits and behaviors. Attesting to the broader significance of our model, this low self-other agreement was partly due to communal narcissists: They saw themselves as high, but were seen by others as low, in communion.

PDF Gebauer,_Sedikides,_Verplanken,_&_Maio,_JPSP,_in_press.pdf - Author's Original
Restricted to Repository staff only
Download (362kB)

More information

Published date: November 2012
Organisations: Human Wellbeing


Local EPrints ID: 341160
ISSN: 0022-3514
PURE UUID: b80717ab-dc8a-4bfb-83a5-1013a3ca27de

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 16 Jul 2012 16:00
Last modified: 30 Aug 2017 08:54

Export record


Author: Jochen E. Gebauer
Author: Bas Verplanken
Author: Gregory R. Maio

University divisions

Download statistics

Downloads from ePrints over the past year. Other digital versions may also be available to download e.g. from the publisher's website.

View more statistics

Atom RSS 1.0 RSS 2.0

Contact ePrints Soton:

ePrints Soton supports OAI 2.0 with a base URL of

This repository has been built using EPrints software, developed at the University of Southampton, but available to everyone to use.

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you continue without changing your settings, we will assume that you are happy to receive cookies on the University of Southampton website.