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Experimental demonstration of a high-flux capillary based XUV source in the high ionisation regime

Experimental demonstration of a high-flux capillary based XUV source in the high ionisation regime
Experimental demonstration of a high-flux capillary based XUV source in the high ionisation regime
High harmonic generation (HHG) has proven to be a fascinating and incredibly useful nonlinear optical phenomenon and has led to the realisation of tabletop sources of coherent extreme ultraviolet (XUV) radiation. Capillary based geometries in particular have attracted a great deal of attention due to their lengthy interaction regions and the potential to phase-match the HHG process leading to a large increase in XUV flux. Unfortunately due to plasma induced nonlinear and dispersive effects the simple phase-matching mechanism detailed in [1] cannot be scaled to high energy pump pulses and high gas pressures. In this work we have used a computational model [2] to design a capillary that can support a broad interaction region well-suited to quasi-phase-matching (QPM) while simultaneously reducing the effect that XUV reabsorption has on the output flux of the source. This modelling work has involved adjusting both the capillary length and gas density profile (figure 1a) in order to produce rapid oscillations in the radially integrated ionization fraction (figure 1b) coupled with a rapid decrease in gas pressure at the capillary exit. Our theory suggests that these oscillations are driven by a nonlinear self-compression process modulating the intensity of the pump pulse as it propagates through the plasma-filled waveguide [3]. Subsequent experimental work has shown an increase in XUV flux of almost 50 times over our previous capillary-based source (see figure 1c), and preliminary estimates suggest a photon flux of 1012 photons s-1 harmonic-1 in the 45 eV spectral region.
Anderson, P.N.
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Butcher, T.J.
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Horak, P.
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Frey, J.G.
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Brocklesby, W.S.
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Anderson, P.N.
0d00519b-0535-4414-8f16-588ce79430bf
Butcher, T.J.
bd3117c7-d50c-48d4-8038-76217b1c0570
Horak, P.
520489b5-ccc7-4d29-bb30-c1e36436ea03
Frey, J.G.
ba60c559-c4af-44f1-87e6-ce69819bf23f
Brocklesby, W.S.
c53ca2f6-db65-4e19-ad00-eebeb2e6de67

Anderson, P.N., Butcher, T.J., Horak, P., Frey, J.G. and Brocklesby, W.S. (2011) Experimental demonstration of a high-flux capillary based XUV source in the high ionisation regime. Intense field, Short Wavelength Atomic and Molecular Processes (I-SWAMP 2011), Dublin, Ireland. 21 - 23 Jul 2011.

Record type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)

Abstract

High harmonic generation (HHG) has proven to be a fascinating and incredibly useful nonlinear optical phenomenon and has led to the realisation of tabletop sources of coherent extreme ultraviolet (XUV) radiation. Capillary based geometries in particular have attracted a great deal of attention due to their lengthy interaction regions and the potential to phase-match the HHG process leading to a large increase in XUV flux. Unfortunately due to plasma induced nonlinear and dispersive effects the simple phase-matching mechanism detailed in [1] cannot be scaled to high energy pump pulses and high gas pressures. In this work we have used a computational model [2] to design a capillary that can support a broad interaction region well-suited to quasi-phase-matching (QPM) while simultaneously reducing the effect that XUV reabsorption has on the output flux of the source. This modelling work has involved adjusting both the capillary length and gas density profile (figure 1a) in order to produce rapid oscillations in the radially integrated ionization fraction (figure 1b) coupled with a rapid decrease in gas pressure at the capillary exit. Our theory suggests that these oscillations are driven by a nonlinear self-compression process modulating the intensity of the pump pulse as it propagates through the plasma-filled waveguide [3]. Subsequent experimental work has shown an increase in XUV flux of almost 50 times over our previous capillary-based source (see figure 1c), and preliminary estimates suggest a photon flux of 1012 photons s-1 harmonic-1 in the 45 eV spectral region.

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e-pub ahead of print date: July 2011
Venue - Dates: Intense field, Short Wavelength Atomic and Molecular Processes (I-SWAMP 2011), Dublin, Ireland, 2011-07-21 - 2011-07-23
Organisations: Optoelectronics Research Centre

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 341161
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/341161
PURE UUID: 244528ad-bf0c-4305-a63f-6efb26552c2e
ORCID for P. Horak: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-8710-8764
ORCID for J.G. Frey: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0003-0842-4302
ORCID for W.S. Brocklesby: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-2123-6712

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Date deposited: 16 Jul 2012 15:45
Last modified: 02 Aug 2018 00:35

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