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Fabrication of thin film solar cell materials by APCVD

Record type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)

Thin film solar cells are currently being implemented commercially as they reduce the amount of semiconductor material required for each cell when compared to silicon wafers, thereby lowering the cost of production. Currently two direct band gap chalcogenide thin-film technologies, CdTe and CuInGa(S,Se)2 (CIGS), yield the highest reported power conversion efficiencies of 16.5% and 20.3%, respectively. In addition, Cu2ZnSnS4 (CZTS) is one of the most promising chalcogenide thin film photovoltaic absorber materials; with an optimal band gap of about 1.5 eV. More importantly, CZTS consists of abundant and non-toxic elements, so research on CZTS thin-film solar cells has been increasing significantly in recent years. Moreover, Sb2S3 based chalcogenide thin films have been proposed for use in photovoltaic applications.
The preparation of chalcogenide thin films solar cells commonly use physical vapour deposition methods including thermal/e-beam evaporation, sputtering, and pulsed laser deposition, electrochemical deposition, spray pyrolysis, solution-based synthesis, followed by the sulfurization or selenization annealing process. In this paper, we report a non-vacuum process, using atmospheric pressure chemical vapour deposition (APCVD), to fabricate chalcogenide thin film solar cell materials as well as transparent conductive oxide (TCO) thin films. The optical, electrical, and structural properties of these materials were characterized by UV-VIS-NIR, four-point probes, SEM, EDX, XRD, Micro-Raman.

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Citation

Huang, C.C., Al-Saab, F., Gholipour, Behrad and Hewak, D.W. (2011) Fabrication of thin film solar cell materials by APCVD At LCES-2011: Low Carbon Earth Summit, China. 19 - 26 May 2011.

More information

e-pub ahead of print date: 2011
Venue - Dates: LCES-2011: Low Carbon Earth Summit, China, 2011-05-19 - 2011-05-26
Organisations: Optoelectronics Research Centre

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 341214
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/341214
PURE UUID: 9812cef7-c4e9-474d-9eaa-d9a2300ed997
ORCID for C.C. Huang: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0003-3471-2463
ORCID for D.W. Hewak: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-2093-5773

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 17 Jul 2012 15:54
Last modified: 18 Jul 2017 05:38

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Contributors

Author: C.C. Huang ORCID iD
Author: F. Al-Saab
Author: D.W. Hewak ORCID iD

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