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Monocytes infected with mycobacterium tuberculosis regulate MAP kinase-dependent astrocyte MMP-9 secretion

Monocytes infected with mycobacterium tuberculosis regulate MAP kinase-dependent astrocyte MMP-9 secretion
Monocytes infected with mycobacterium tuberculosis regulate MAP kinase-dependent astrocyte MMP-9 secretion
Tuberculosis (TB) of the CNS (CNS-TB) carries a high mortality. Disease pathology is characterized by widespread destruction of CNS tissues. Matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) is able to catabolyze specific components of the CNS tissue matrix and blood-brain barrier. Increased cerebrospinal fluid MMP-9 concentrations are associated with tissue damage, leukocyte infiltration, and death in CNS-TB. Using zymography, Western analysis, and transcription factor assays, we investigated mechanisms regulating MMP-9 activity in CNS-TB. We demonstrate that conditioned media from monocytes infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis (CoMTB) induce MMP-9 secretion from astrocytes (U373-MG). IL-1? and TNF-? are necessary but not sufficient for such induction of astrocyte MMP-9 secretion. CoMTB up-regulates AP-1 DNA-binding activity, and the c-Jun, FosB, and JunB subunits are particularly increased. MMP-9 secretion from CoMTB-stimulated astrocytes is dependent on the activity of p38, Erk, and Jnk MAPKs. Phosphorylation of p38, Erk, and Jnk is activated rapidly, peaking 30 min poststimulation with CoMTB. Inhibition of IL-1? but not TNF-? in CoMTB decreases p38, Erk, and Jnk activity in astrocytes. Consistently, IL-1? signals through the MAPK cascade at physiological levels, whereas TNF-?, IL-6, IL-10, CCL-2, CCL-5, and CXCL-8 (all present in CoMTB) do not. In summary, the data suggest that monocyte-dependent cytokine networks may play a key role in the development of a matrix-degrading environment during CNS-TB
0741-5400
548-556
Harris, James E.
6204134c-6867-41dd-9102-9f22ec9b60c8
Green, Justin A.
9c179973-04b4-48cb-a685-1078e3ab13cd
Elkington, Paul T.
60828c7c-3d32-47c9-9fcc-6c4c54c35a15
Friedland, Jon S.
9968669f-afe0-4163-9b35-3b476246fd4a
Harris, James E.
6204134c-6867-41dd-9102-9f22ec9b60c8
Green, Justin A.
9c179973-04b4-48cb-a685-1078e3ab13cd
Elkington, Paul T.
60828c7c-3d32-47c9-9fcc-6c4c54c35a15
Friedland, Jon S.
9968669f-afe0-4163-9b35-3b476246fd4a

Harris, James E., Green, Justin A., Elkington, Paul T. and Friedland, Jon S. (2007) Monocytes infected with mycobacterium tuberculosis regulate MAP kinase-dependent astrocyte MMP-9 secretion. Journal of Leukocyte Biology, 81 (2), 548-556. (doi:10.1189/jlb.0806512). (PMID:17079649)

Record type: Article

Abstract

Tuberculosis (TB) of the CNS (CNS-TB) carries a high mortality. Disease pathology is characterized by widespread destruction of CNS tissues. Matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) is able to catabolyze specific components of the CNS tissue matrix and blood-brain barrier. Increased cerebrospinal fluid MMP-9 concentrations are associated with tissue damage, leukocyte infiltration, and death in CNS-TB. Using zymography, Western analysis, and transcription factor assays, we investigated mechanisms regulating MMP-9 activity in CNS-TB. We demonstrate that conditioned media from monocytes infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis (CoMTB) induce MMP-9 secretion from astrocytes (U373-MG). IL-1? and TNF-? are necessary but not sufficient for such induction of astrocyte MMP-9 secretion. CoMTB up-regulates AP-1 DNA-binding activity, and the c-Jun, FosB, and JunB subunits are particularly increased. MMP-9 secretion from CoMTB-stimulated astrocytes is dependent on the activity of p38, Erk, and Jnk MAPKs. Phosphorylation of p38, Erk, and Jnk is activated rapidly, peaking 30 min poststimulation with CoMTB. Inhibition of IL-1? but not TNF-? in CoMTB decreases p38, Erk, and Jnk activity in astrocytes. Consistently, IL-1? signals through the MAPK cascade at physiological levels, whereas TNF-?, IL-6, IL-10, CCL-2, CCL-5, and CXCL-8 (all present in CoMTB) do not. In summary, the data suggest that monocyte-dependent cytokine networks may play a key role in the development of a matrix-degrading environment during CNS-TB

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Published date: February 2007
Organisations: Clinical & Experimental Sciences

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 342361
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/342361
ISSN: 0741-5400
PURE UUID: 42f2e6d6-ad57-47e2-9360-c35c959dcd60
ORCID for Paul T. Elkington: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0003-0390-0613

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Date deposited: 24 Aug 2012 14:13
Last modified: 20 Jul 2019 00:41

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