The University of Southampton
University of Southampton Institutional Repository

Factors associated with unfavourable birth outcomes in Kenya

Record type: Article

Studies addressing factors associated with adverse birth outcomes have almost exclusively been based on hospital statistics. This is a serious limitation in developing countries where the majority of births do not occur within health facilities. This paper examines factors associated with premature deliveries, small baby’s size at birth and Caesarean section deliveries in Kenya based on the 1993 Kenya Demographic and Health Survey data. Due to the hierarchical nature of the data, the analysis uses multilevel logistic regression models to take into account the family and community effects. The results show that the odds of unfavourable birth outcomes are significantly higher for first births than for higher order births. Furthermore, antenatal care (measured by frequency of antenatal care visits and tetanus toxoid injection) is observed to have a negative association with the incidence of premature births. For the baby’s size at birth, maternal nutritional status is observed to be a predominant factor. Short maternal stature is confirmed as a significant risk factor for Caesarean section deliveries. The observed higher odds of Caesarean section deliveries among women from households of high socioeconomic status are attributed to the expected association between socioeconomic status and the use of appropriate maternal health care services. The odds of unfavourable birth outcomes vary significantly between women. In addition, the odds of Caesarean section deliveries vary between districts, after taking into account the individual-level characteristics of the woman.

Full text not available from this repository.

Citation

Magadi, Monica, Madise, Nyovani and Diamond, Ian (2001) Factors associated with unfavourable birth outcomes in Kenya Journal of Biosocial Science, 33, (2), pp. 199-225. (doi:10.1017/S0021932001001997).

More information

Published date: 2001

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 34246
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/34246
ISSN: 0021-9320
PURE UUID: 494f6b54-a716-4797-8244-57120123ce6b
ORCID for Nyovani Madise: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-2813-5295

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 18 May 2006
Last modified: 17 Jul 2017 15:50

Export record

Altmetrics

Contributors

Author: Monica Magadi
Author: Nyovani Madise ORCID iD
Author: Ian Diamond

University divisions


Download statistics

Downloads from ePrints over the past year. Other digital versions may also be available to download e.g. from the publisher's website.

View more statistics

Atom RSS 1.0 RSS 2.0

Contact ePrints Soton: eprints@soton.ac.uk

ePrints Soton supports OAI 2.0 with a base URL of http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/cgi/oai2

This repository has been built using EPrints software, developed at the University of Southampton, but available to everyone to use.

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you continue without changing your settings, we will assume that you are happy to receive cookies on the University of Southampton website.

×