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Occupational therapy in Oman: the impact of cultural dissonance

Occupational therapy in Oman: the impact of cultural dissonance
Occupational therapy in Oman: the impact of cultural dissonance
Occupational therapy theory and philosophy are broadly considered to be based on Western cultural values. In contrast, the application of theory and practice in the Sultanate of Oman, historically based on traditional Middle Eastern and Islamic cultural values, provides a case exemplar, which highlights both paradigmatic differences and
cultural dissonance. Drawing on the experiences of occupational therapists working in Oman, this study found that the application of therapeutic goals aimed at patient independence and autonomy were difficult to achieve in an environment where family duty and responsibility for care were highly prized. Dressing and cooking assessments were
challenging, and issues related to gender proved problematic. Therapists found the need to adapt practice to acknowledge these differences, and to adopt pragmatic problem-solving strategies, without resolving the underpinning philosophical contradictions. Occupational therapy in Oman is under-researched; further work is needed to confirm the cross-cultural validity of specific assessments and practice models.
cultural dissonance, oman, occupational therapy theory
0966-7903
Al Busaidy, Najat Saif Mohammed
5bbadf0e-6678-47fc-b53e-ef2ab992033d
Borthwick, Alan M.
b4d1fa51-182d-4296-b5fe-5b7c32ef6f9d
Al Busaidy, Najat Saif Mohammed
5bbadf0e-6678-47fc-b53e-ef2ab992033d
Borthwick, Alan M.
b4d1fa51-182d-4296-b5fe-5b7c32ef6f9d

Al Busaidy, Najat Saif Mohammed and Borthwick, Alan M. (2012) Occupational therapy in Oman: the impact of cultural dissonance. Occupational Therapy International. (doi:10.1002/oti.1332).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Occupational therapy theory and philosophy are broadly considered to be based on Western cultural values. In contrast, the application of theory and practice in the Sultanate of Oman, historically based on traditional Middle Eastern and Islamic cultural values, provides a case exemplar, which highlights both paradigmatic differences and
cultural dissonance. Drawing on the experiences of occupational therapists working in Oman, this study found that the application of therapeutic goals aimed at patient independence and autonomy were difficult to achieve in an environment where family duty and responsibility for care were highly prized. Dressing and cooking assessments were
challenging, and issues related to gender proved problematic. Therapists found the need to adapt practice to acknowledge these differences, and to adopt pragmatic problem-solving strategies, without resolving the underpinning philosophical contradictions. Occupational therapy in Oman is under-researched; further work is needed to confirm the cross-cultural validity of specific assessments and practice models.

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e-pub ahead of print date: 5 June 2012
Keywords: cultural dissonance, oman, occupational therapy theory
Organisations: Faculty of Health Sciences

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 342480
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/342480
ISSN: 0966-7903
PURE UUID: d3d04f87-dabb-4239-92c5-319080712831

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Date deposited: 03 Sep 2012 09:37
Last modified: 18 Jul 2017 05:28

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