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Allochthonous red pigments used in burial practices at the Copper Age site of Valencina de la Concepción (Sevilla, Spain): characterisation and social dimension

Allochthonous red pigments used in burial practices at the Copper Age site of Valencina de la Concepción (Sevilla, Spain): characterisation and social dimension
Allochthonous red pigments used in burial practices at the Copper Age site of Valencina de la Concepción (Sevilla, Spain): characterisation and social dimension
The use of red pigments linked to burial practices is widely documented in the Iberian prehistoric record and very often it has been traditionally interpreted as a ritual practice entailing the utilisation of local raw materials (iron oxides). Some research works, nevertheless, have also detected the use of red pigments which can only be interpreted as allochthonous. The red pigments spread over a single inhumation in a monumental Megalithic tomb surrounding Valencina de la Concepción Copper Age settlement was studied by means of X-ray diffraction, field emission scanning electron microscopy with energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, X-ray microfluorescence, micro-Raman and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopies. This approach allowed characterising the red pigments as cinnabar, mixed with tiny amounts of iron oxides. The presence of cinnabar, a product that was necessarily imported, in a context of an exceptional set of grave goods, suggests that the use of cinnabar was linked not only to ritual but also to practices related to the display of social status.
0305-4403
Rogerio-Candelera, Miguel Ángel
bd258289-96f1-41a1-b582-b5c566255c44
Herrera, Liz Karen
596585a6-f36b-448f-b525-ea66f16191fc
Miller, Ana Zélia
5318df0b-ef64-4d8c-baaa-086cf7d89075
García Sanjuan, Leonardo
cc784b35-539b-405d-a1f0-fe8c01abd843
Mora Molina, Coronada
b2b4a091-c053-4503-b387-510a6ef2274a
Wheatley, David W.
58266ad0-4ea1-4b1b-a8c3-9fd902931828
Justo, Ángel
e2ccf783-4548-4eb6-a165-862c0619f66e
Saiz-Jimenez, Cesereo
34357e4c-48f9-406f-9a94-525498c625e2
Rogerio-Candelera, Miguel Ángel
bd258289-96f1-41a1-b582-b5c566255c44
Herrera, Liz Karen
596585a6-f36b-448f-b525-ea66f16191fc
Miller, Ana Zélia
5318df0b-ef64-4d8c-baaa-086cf7d89075
García Sanjuan, Leonardo
cc784b35-539b-405d-a1f0-fe8c01abd843
Mora Molina, Coronada
b2b4a091-c053-4503-b387-510a6ef2274a
Wheatley, David W.
58266ad0-4ea1-4b1b-a8c3-9fd902931828
Justo, Ángel
e2ccf783-4548-4eb6-a165-862c0619f66e
Saiz-Jimenez, Cesereo
34357e4c-48f9-406f-9a94-525498c625e2

Rogerio-Candelera, Miguel Ángel, Herrera, Liz Karen and Miller, Ana Zélia et al. (2013) Allochthonous red pigments used in burial practices at the Copper Age site of Valencina de la Concepción (Sevilla, Spain): characterisation and social dimension. Journal of Archaeological Science, 40 (1). (doi:10.1016/j.jas.2012.08.004).

Record type: Article

Abstract

The use of red pigments linked to burial practices is widely documented in the Iberian prehistoric record and very often it has been traditionally interpreted as a ritual practice entailing the utilisation of local raw materials (iron oxides). Some research works, nevertheless, have also detected the use of red pigments which can only be interpreted as allochthonous. The red pigments spread over a single inhumation in a monumental Megalithic tomb surrounding Valencina de la Concepción Copper Age settlement was studied by means of X-ray diffraction, field emission scanning electron microscopy with energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, X-ray microfluorescence, micro-Raman and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopies. This approach allowed characterising the red pigments as cinnabar, mixed with tiny amounts of iron oxides. The presence of cinnabar, a product that was necessarily imported, in a context of an exceptional set of grave goods, suggests that the use of cinnabar was linked not only to ritual but also to practices related to the display of social status.

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Published date: January 2013
Organisations: Archaeology

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 343140
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/343140
ISSN: 0305-4403
PURE UUID: 6647cb0e-ccf7-44d9-ab0a-b3c5299a7960

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Date deposited: 26 Sep 2012 15:40
Last modified: 20 Dec 2019 18:31

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Contributors

Author: Miguel Ángel Rogerio-Candelera
Author: Liz Karen Herrera
Author: Ana Zélia Miller
Author: Leonardo García Sanjuan
Author: Coronada Mora Molina
Author: Ángel Justo
Author: Cesereo Saiz-Jimenez

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