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Late neanderthals in southeastern Iberia: Sima de las Palomas del Cabexo Gordo, Murcia, Spain

Walker, Michael J., Gilbert, Josep, Lopez, Mariano V., Perez-Perez, A. Vincent, Zapata, Josefina, Ortega, Jon, Higham, Thomas, Pike, Alistair, Schwenninger, Jean-Luc, Zilhao, joao and Trinkaus, Erik (2008) Late neanderthals in southeastern Iberia: Sima de las Palomas del Cabexo Gordo, Murcia, Spain Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 105, (52), pp. 20631-20636. (doi:10.1073/pnas.0811213106).

Record type: Article


Middle Paleolithic fossil human remains from the Sima de las Palomas in southeastern Iberia (dated to ?43,000–40,000 calendar years before present) present a suite of derived Neandertal and/or retained ancestral morphological features in the mandibular symphysis, mandibular ramus, dental occlusal morphology, and distal hand phalanx. These traits are combined with variation in the mandibular corpus, discrete dental morphology, tooth root lengths, and anterior dental size that indicate a frequency difference with earlier Iberian and more northern European Neandertals. The Palomas Neandertals therefore confirm the late presence of Neandertals associated with the Iberian persistence of the Middle Paleolithic, but suggest microevolutionary processes and/or population contact with contemporaneous modern humans to the north

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e-pub ahead of print date: 12 December 2008
Published date: 30 December 2008
Keywords: dentition, mandible, middle paleolithic, postcrania
Organisations: Archaeology


Local EPrints ID: 343326
ISSN: 0027-8424
PURE UUID: c15fdefc-a263-4357-97da-369437f4822c

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Date deposited: 03 Oct 2012 11:39
Last modified: 18 Jul 2017 05:23

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Author: Michael J. Walker
Author: Josep Gilbert
Author: Mariano V. Lopez
Author: A. Vincent Perez-Perez
Author: Josefina Zapata
Author: Jon Ortega
Author: Thomas Higham
Author: Alistair Pike
Author: Jean-Luc Schwenninger
Author: joao Zilhao
Author: Erik Trinkaus

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